Overview

 We have been hearing about portfolio assessement for sometime now. What does a portfolio mean? How do we assess a child's performance through his/her portfolios? This very question has some hints in it. A portfolio is, to put it in a simpel way, a profile of a student's learning initiatives over a period of time. It may includes all aspects of his/her learning related activities. It may also include observations on his/her personality. The sum total of a student's effort to learn, the context of learning, his/her own reactions to these contexts and all other related issues are documented in the child's portfolio. However, you will see that the expression portfolio assessment has been used in slightly different contexts too. In this section several links have been given. Please go through each one of them and note down what you understand about portfolio assessment.

Discussion
 We will start our discussion with some questions which will help us recall whatever we already know about assessment. In case you do not remember, please find some time and make some quick references to find out answers. What is the meaning of assessment? Is assessment different from evaluation? As a teacher of a subject, would you like to assess the progress of your students or evaluate it? What are the tools of assessment/evaluation(as you think it to be)? What is it that we want to establish after giving a test or an examination? Is it necessary to prepare students for examinations? Why or why not? Imagine you are the parent of a 5th standard child. What information would you like to get from the school about your child? When you receive the progress report card of your child you find that it has a list marks obtained in different subjects and a remark 'good'. What does that convey to you? Does the word 'good' really communicate anything to you?

 Write your views here: _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________.

The practices of portfolio assessment should be understood in the context that the above discussion has created. Perhaps there is no single method of assessment which is complete.In this connection I would like you to read the introduction of the source book on evaluation available in the website of NCERT. Please download and open the first chapter in the source book and read the 13 page write up there.

What is portfolio assessment?

A portfolio is a collection of students’ work over a period of time. It could be day-to-day work or selection of the learner’s best piece of work. Think of a file which contains whatever a child has written for one year. It would give a chronological picture of how a child has undergone the learning process. Learning is not a mystery. It is the sum total of the efforts put by the child and facilitated by the teacher. The file we are thinking of documents all such efforts. Briefly, a portfolio can include the following.

• the work done by the child
• the feedback given by the teacher
• the observations made the by child on his/her own learning
• a record of activities undertaken by the child at home or out of classroom contexts
• observations of parents or other teachers

There is no rule as such as to what should or should not be included in a portfolio. The aim is to provide a comprehensive profile of the child as a learner. But depending on the requirements, sometimes we can prepare a separate portfolio for evaluation purposes. The bulky file that is created in a year's time can not be handled easily. Nor is it possible to send it to the parents. Such a bundle of information may not make much sense either. So a separate file which is an extract of a year's work can be prepared. This might include the best works of the child over a period of time, the observations of the teacher and the reflections of the child.

In portfolio assessments summing up student learning in marks obtained through a term end test is not held very important. Evaluation is to help the learner reflect and improve his/her efforts. Evaluation should help the teacher develop better insights into the students' different styles of learning. Portfolios of children are in a way all inclusive records of the learning processes the students engage themselves in.

Reflection

 Questions for reflection In what way is portfolio assessment different from traditional assessment schemes? Do you think portfolio assessment can be an alternative to the term end test driven assessment practices? When is a test/examination relevant and when are portfolios relevant? What would be the problems in implementing portfolio assessment in our system? How can we overcome them?

Activity
 As you browse through the following links, you may also try to note down the points that you would like to consider if you are to put portfolio assessment into practice in Karnataka. What do you think are the advantages of portfolio assessment compared to other types of assessment? How is portfolio assessment different from continuous and comprehensive evaluation?

 The following link takes you to the introductory chapter of the draft copy of A Source Book on Learning Assessment at the Primary Level published by the NCERT. It is available in the NCERT website. You will be able to find out different types of evaluation and their relative advantages in the following chapter.

#media:Teaching_portfolio.pdf To know about Teaching Portfolio