OER for a Post Graduate Programme in HRM

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Module 1 :
Principles of Management

Module Content Map

Topic 2 : Management Theories

The Classical Management School | The Behavioral Management School | The Human Resources Management School | The Management Science School | Key Points and Activity

Back to Topic 1 : What is management? | Go to Topic 3: Planning

The Management Science School

During World War II the United Kingdom was faced with many complex problems. Operational research teams composed of mathematicians, physicists & other scientists were set up. These teams pooled their knowledge to solve problems. After the war these ideas were applied to industrial problems which could not be solved by conventional means. With the development of the electronic computer, these procedures became formalized into a ‘management science’ school.

The ‘Management science’ school, by its use of computers and quantitative analysis, has made it possible to consider the effect of a number of variables in an organization which may otherwise have been overlooked.

This approach to management uses precise quantitative techniques like:

  • Quantitative management—utilizes linear programming, modeling, simulation systems.
  • Operations management—techniques to analyze all aspects of the production system.
  • Total Quality Management (TQM)—focuses on improving quality throughout an organization.
  • Management Information Systems (MIS)—provides information about the organization.