Null Model Data

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Teaching null model analysis

This can be a challenging topic, particularly for undergraduate students, and so we developed an inexpensive hands-on manipulative model to illustrate the salient points. From there we described how to transition into standard research-quality simulations using Gotelli and Entsminger's Ecosim software and the data linked below. Full details and software download links are in our paper.

Files for null model analysis

(Comment.gif: intended for educational use)

Data matrices were compiled under Bruce Patterson's 1991 NSF grant BSR 9106981. The grant supported a collaboration of Wirt Atmar, Alan Cutler, Gregory Mikkelson, Bruce Patterson, and David Wright. The original matrices, citations, and notes concerning their derivation were downloaded from AICS Research INC.

Recommended citation format: Atmar, J.W., and B.D. Patterson. 1995. The nestedness temperature calculator: a visual basic program, including 294 presence-absence matrices. AICS Research, Inc., University Park, NM, and The Field Museum, Chicago.

Disclaimer: In the files linked below, I have removed notes and citations, and transposed the data. While I have not intentionally modified the data in any other way, neither have I gone back to the original publications to confirm accuracy.

The data matrices can be copied into a simple text editor (such as Notepad) and saved as .txt files. The resulting files can be opened directly from Ecosim. The file names in the last column match those used by Atmar et al in their original work and link to .txt files files on Declan McCabe's website. Note: the first data set is artificial and created for a recently published teaching exercise linked above.

Files for null model analysis
Click Title for dataset, notes, and citation Sites Species Dataset title linked to .txt files
AAAA Beads representing species (McCabe and Knight, 2016) 16 7 aaaicecube.TXT
African Mountain birds (Dowsett, 1986) 7 222 afrmtbrd.txt
African Ostracods (A. Cohen, pers. comm.) 38 104 tanganyo.txt
Aland land birds (Haila et al, 1980) 16 82 alandbrd.txt
All desert mice (Brown & Kurzius '87) 202 29 swusrod.txt
Amazon Gymnotiformes (Fernandes Cox, 1995) 31 41 amazfish.txt
Amazon frogs (Zimmerman & Bierregaard '86) 7 40 amazfrog.txt
Anean butterflies (Descimon, 1986) 13 87 orealbut.txt
Antillean Butterflies (Scott, 1970) 6 261 butter2.txt
Antillean bats (Griffiths & Klingener 1988) 21 56 antilbat.txt
Antillean bats 2 (Griffiths & Klingener 1988) 4 38 Gabat.txt
Antillean bats 3 (Griffiths & Klingener 1988) 5 38 Gabatpgc.txt
Antillean birds (Gotelli & Abele, 1982) 19 211 windbird.txt
Antillean butterflies (Scott, 1970) 17 285 butter1.txt
Antillean carabids (Nichols, 1988) 18 51 windiall.txt
Antillean montane trees (Beard, 1948) 9 23 winleem1.txt
Antillean montane trees 1 (Beard, 1948) 10 23 winleem2.txt
Antillean rainforest trees (Beard, 1948) 12 102 winleer1.txt
Antillean rainforest trees 1 (Beard, 1948) 10 84 winleer2.txt
Antillean swamp trees (Beard, 1948) 10 6 winlees.txt
Antillean trees (Beard, 1948) 14 112 winleed1.txt
Antillean trees 1 (Beard, 1948) 11 61 winleed2.txt
Antilles bats (Griffiths & Klingener 1988) 17 24 labatpgc.txt
Aphids on Solidago (Pielou, 1974) 11 11 solid1.txt
Aphids on Solidago 1 (Pielou, 1974) 13 12 solid2.txt
Aquatic microorganisms (Maguire, 1963) 3 11 coloaqh.txt
Aquatic micros (Dickerson & Robinson 1984) 5 9 microli.txt
Aquatic micros (Dickerson & Robinson) 9 11 microhi.txt
Austral endemic ants (Wilson & Taylor) 8 6 austante.txt
Austral tramp ants (Wilson & Taylor) 8 15 austantt.txt
Australian island mammals (Kitchener & Co) 26 49 ausismam.txt
Australian lizards (Kitchener et al, 1980) 23 69 auslizrd.txt
Bahama habitats (Maly & Doolittle, 1977) 6 6 bahabma.txt
Bahama snails (Maly & Doolittle, 1977) 6 11 bahamasn.txt
Baja island land birds (Cody, 1983) 26 37 bajaball.txt
Baja island land birds 1 (Cody, 1983) 9 37 bajabl.txt
Baja island land birds 2 (Cody, 1983) 11 32 bajabn.txt
Baja island land birds 3 (Cody, 1983) 13 28 bajabo.txt
Baja island land birds 4 (Cody, 1983) 15 25 bajabs.txt
Baja island mammals (Lawlor, 1983) 20 25 bajaml.txt
Baja island mammals 1 (Lawlor, 1983) 14 9 bajamo.txt
Baja island plants (Cody et al, 1983) 9 479 bajapl.txt
Baja island plants 1 (Cody et al, 1983) 12 412 bajapo.txt
Baja landbridge herps (Murphy, 1983) 8 52 bajahl.txt
Bass Dune Mammals (Hope 1973‎) 9 15 Bassmam.txt
Bass Strait passerines (Abbott, 1973) 4 25 basspass.txt
Bass Straits anurans (Littlejohn & Martin) 3 11 bassanss.txt
Bass Straits anurans 1 (Littlejohn & Martin) 3 10 bassanu.txt
Bass Straits herbivores-1800 (Hope, 1973) 18 10 basshmhp.txt
Bass Straits herbivores-1800 1 (Hope, 1973) 19 10 basshmhq.txt
Bass Straits herbivores-1967 (Hope, 1973) 10 10 basshmp.txt
Bass Straits mammals (Hope, 1973) 19 10 bassmamm.txt
Bass Straits reptiles (Rawlinson, 1974) 10 17 bassrept.txt
Bonneville Basin fish (Smith, 1978) 7 19 bonnfish.txt
Brazilian fragment birds (Willis, 1979) 3 216 brazbird.txt
Brazilian fragment birds 1 (Willis, 1979) 3 188 brazbmi.txt
Brazilian woodlot birds (Willis, 1979) 3 72 willis98.txt
Brazilian woodlot birds 1 (Willis, 1979) 3 74 willis99.txt
Breeding British land birds (Reed, 1980) 25 8 britbird.txt
British Channel Herps (Frazer, 1949) 5 9 britchah.txt
British Channel mammals (Southern, 1964) 6 9 britcham.txt
California Is reptiles (Wilcox, 1980) 15 27 calirept.txt
Canal Zone birds (Wright, 1985) 6 102 gatbird.txt
Canary birds (Bacallado, 1976) 7 61 canabo.txt
Canary birds 1 (Bacallado, 1976) 7 78 canaboss.txt
Canary carabid beetles (Machado, 1976) 7 120 canlauio.txt
Canary carabids (Machado, 1976) 7 130 canlauss.txt
Canary herps (Klemmer, 1976) 7 10 canaho.txt
Canary reptiles (Klemmer, 1976) 8 14 canahoss.txt
Cave Invertebrates (Culver et al, 1973) 7 16 caveio23.txt
Cave invertebrates (Culver et al, 1973) 6 28 caveio.txt
Cave invertebrates 1 (Culver et al, 1973) 6 12 caveio22.txt
Channel Is. bats (Brown, 1980) 6 10 chanlbat.txt
Channel Is. birds (Diamond & Jones, 1980) 8 38 chanbpr.txt
Channel Is. herps (Savage, 1967) 15 28 chanherp.txt
Channel Is. reptiles (Wilcox, 1980) 8 12 chanrept.txt
Channel Island birds Power, 1972) 16 45 chanb.txt
Channel mammals (von Bloeker, 1967) 8 6 chanmamm.txt
Chaparral birds (Bolger et al, 1991) 30 5 chfbird.txt
Chaparral birds 1 (Bolger et al, 1991) 9 5 chufbird.txt
Chicago weeds (Crowe, 1979) 26 128 chiweed.txt
Chicago weeds 1 (Crowe, 1979) 13 123 chiweedo.txt
Chicago weeds 2 (Crowe, 1979) 13 75 chiweedy.txt
Chihuahuan rodents (Brown & Kurzius, 1987) 24 14 chihdgro.txt
Chihuahuan rodents 1 (Brown & Kurzius, 1987) 21 14 chihdsro.txt
Chihuahuan rodents 2 (Brown & Kurzius, 1987) 45 17 chihrod.txt
Chilean mammals (Meserve & Glanz, 1978) 9 8 chilemam.txt
Colorado fish (Smith, 1978) 6 26 colofish.txt
Colorado microorganisms (Maguire, 1963) 3 11 coloaqv.txt
Death Valley fish (Smith, 1978) 5 8 deadfish.txt
Desert fish (Kodric-Brown & Brown 1994) 28 5 adfish.txt
Desert grassland mice (Brown & Kurzius '87) 29 15 swusdgro.txt
Desert scrub mice (Brown & Kurzius '87) 140 27 swusdsro.txt
Diatoms in boxes (Patrick, 1968) 8 182 scum65.txt
Diatoms in boxes 1 (Patrick, 1968) 4 180 scum66.txt
Diatoms on slides (R. Patrick, unpubl.) 4 54 scum1.txt
Diatoms on slides 1 (R. Patrick, unpubl.) 4 31 scum2.txt
Eastern Papua reptiles (Heatwole, 1975) 17 24 papahall.txt
Erie isopods (Dexter et al, 1988) 22 12 erisopod.txt
Erie reptiles (King, 1988) 9 17 ereptile.txt
Ethiopian birds (Dorst & Vuilleumier, 1986) 6 53 afroalpb.txt
Faeroe birds (Bengtson & Bloch, 1983) 22 40 faerbird.txt
Faeroe carabids (Bengtson, 1982) 17 26 faerio.txt
Finnish birds (Jarvinen & Vaisanen, 1980) 6 23 finbird.txt
Finnish birds (Simberloff & Martin, 1991) 34 45 sofinbrd.txt
Finnish shrews (Hanski, 1986) 16 5 finlaks1.txt
Finnish shrews 1 (Hanski, 1986) 17 5 finlaks2.txt
Fish parasites (Guegan & Hugueny 1994) 25 13 parasite.txt
Frigate plants (Amerson, 1971) 8 40 frigpo.txt
Frigate seabirds (Amerson, 1971) 9 18 frigbo.txt
Fullglas 102 39 fullglas.txt
Fumigated Spartina (Rey, 1981) 6 25 defau610.txt
Fumigated Spartina 1 (Rey, 1981) 6 26 defau611.txt
Fumigated Spartina 10 (Rey, 1981) 6 33 defau620.txt
Fumigated Spartina 11 (Rey, 1981) 6 34 defau621.txt
Fumigated Spartina 12 (Rey, 1981) 6 35 defau622.txt
Fumigated Spartina 13 (Rey, 1981) 6 37 defau623.txt
Fumigated Spartina 14 (Rey, 1981) 6 39 defau624.txt
Fumigated Spartina 15 (Rey, 1981) 6 41 defau625.txt
Fumigated Spartina 16 (Rey, 1981) 6 41 defau626.txt
Fumigated Spartina 17 (Rey, 1981) 6 35 defau631.txt
Fumigated Spartina 18 (Rey, 1981) 6 33 defau653.txt
Fumigated Spartina 19 (Rey, 1981) 6 23 defau69.txt
Fumigated Spartina 2 (Rey, 1981) 6 26 defau612.txt
Fumigated Spartina 3 (Rey, 1981) 6 27 defau613.txt
Fumigated Spartina 4 (Rey, 1981) 6 28 defau614.txt
Fumigated Spartina 5 (Rey, 1981) 6 29 defau615.txt
Fumigated Spartina 6 (Rey, 1981) 6 30 defau616.txt
Fumigated Spartina 7 (Rey, 1981) 6 27 defau617.txt
Fumigated Spartina 8 (Rey, 1981) 6 30 defau618.txt
Fumigated Spartina 9 (Rey, 1981) 6 31 defau619.txt
Galapagos land birds (Harris, 1973) 15 23 galabo.txt
Gambier Is ants (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 7 9 gambantt.txt
Georgia Plants (Kadmon, pers. comm.) 7 49 kadmon.txt
Great Basin Mammals (Brown & Gibson 1983) 19 14 gbmam83.txt
Great Basin Mammals (Brown, 1978) 19 16 gbmam78.txt
Great Basin Mammals (Grayson & Livingston) 19 14 gbmam93.txt
Great Basin Mammals (Lawlor, ms) 19 15 gbmam96.txt
Great Basin birds (Brown, 1978) 13 11 gbmtbird.txt
Great Basin boreal birds (Behle, 1978) 14 75 behle78.txt
Great Basin fish (Smith, 1978) 48 78 gbfish.txt
Great Basin rodents (Brown & Kurzius '87) 5 3 gbdgrod.txt
Great Basin rodents 1 (Brown & Kurzius '87) 25 13 gbdsrod.txt
Great Basin rodents 2 (Brown & Kurzius '87) 57 14 gbrod.txt
Great Basin rodents 3 (Brown & Kurzius '87) 15 13 gbsdrod.txt
Great Basin rodents 4 (Brown & Kurzius '87) 12 6 gbssrod.txt
Greenbrier fish (Hocutt et al, 1978) 30 35 grbrfish.txt
Gulf of Guinea plants (Exell, 1944) 4 683 guineap.txt
Hawaiian Pelea (Stone, 1969) 6 66 hawapele.txt
Hawaiian Peperomia (Yuncker, 1933) 7 38 hawapepr.txt
Hawaiian Peperomia 1 (Yuncker, 1933) 7 63 hawapess.txt
Hawaiian ants (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 9 6 hawaante.txt
Hawaiian ants (Wilson and Taylor, 1962) 14 32 hawaantt.txt
Hawaiian birds (Juvik & Austring '79) 8 36 hawanb19.txt
Hawaiian birds (Scott et al, 1986) 6 35 hawabend.txt
Hawaiian flies (Hardy, 1965) 6 400 hawabug2.txt
Hawaiian insects (Hardy & Kohn, 1964) 6 263 aaaa.txt
Hawaiian insects 1 (Hardy & Kohn, 1964) 6 263 hawabug1.txt
Herps on Baja islands (Murphy, 1983) 48 84 bajahall.txt
Herps on minor Baja Is (Murphy, 1983) 23 22 bajahm.txt
Herps on oceanic Baja Is (Murphy, 1983) 17 56 bajaho.txt
Illinois woodlot birds (Blake, 1991) 12 46 illwdb79.txt
Illinois woodlot birds 1 (Blake, 1991) 12 49 illwdb80.txt
Irish moths (Magurran, 1985) 5 119 eiremoth.txt
Italian ants (Baroni Urbani, 1971) 21 48 italiant.txt
Jamaican anoles (Haefner, 1988) 9 6 jamaanol.txt
L. Michigan amphibians (Hatt et al 1948) 9 10 lmamphib.txt
L. Michigan amphibians 1 (Hatt et al 1948) 5 9 lmlbamph.txt
L. Michigan amphibians 2 (Hatt et al 1948) 3 5 lmocamph.txt
L. Michigan birds (Hatt et al 1948) 15 152 lmaves.txt
L. Michigan birds 1 (Hatt et al 1948) 5 151 lmlbaves.txt
L. Michigan birds 2 (Hatt et al 1948) 3 66 lmocaves.txt
L. Michigan mammals (Hatt et al 1948) 5 23 lmlbmamm.txt
L. Michigan mammals 1 (Hatt et al 1948) 12 28 lmmammal.txt
L. Michigan mammals 2 (Hatt et al 1948) 3 4 lmocmamm.txt
L. Michigan reptiles (Hatt et al 1948) 5 7 lmlbrept.txt
L. Michigan reptiles 1 (Hatt et al 1948) 8 8 lmreptil.txt
L. Michigan vertebrates (Hatt et al 1948) 15 198 lmavertb.txt
L. Michigan vertebrates 1 (Hatt et al 1948) 5 190 lmlbvert.txt
L. Michigan vertebrates 2 (Hatt et al 1948) 3 78 lmocvert.txt
Lahontan fish (Smith, 1978) 9 12 lahofish.txt
Lake Michigan mammals (Lomolino, 1986) 9 8 lakmichm.txt
Line Island ants (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 6 13 lineantt.txt
Madagascar birds (T. Schulenberg) 12 78 madbird.txt
Maddalena birds (Simberloff & Martin, 1991) 16 61 maddabrd.txt
Mahogany woodlots (Watts, 1978) 18 70 mahop.txt
Malagasy birds (Langrand & Wilme, ms) 8 51 madbird2.txt
Mammals on Baja islands (Lawlor, 1983) 34 27 bajamall.txt
Mangrove defaunation (Simberloff & Wilson) 6 250 defauni0.txt
Mangrove defaunation (Simberloff & Wilson, 1969) 6 62 defauni2.txt
Mangrove defaunation 1 (Simberloff & Wilson) 6 39 defauni1.txt
Mangrove defaunation 2 (Simberloff & Wilson) 6 76 defauni3.txt
Mangrove defaunation 3 (Simberloff & Wilson) 6 112 defauni4.txt
Mangrove defaunation 4 (Simberloff & Wilson) 6 134 defauni5.txt
Mangrove defaunation 5 (Simberloff & Wilson) 6 154 defauni6.txt
Mangrove defaunation 6 (Simberloff & Wilson) 6 190 defauni7.txt
Mangrove defaunation 7 (Simberloff & Wilson) 6 217 defauni8.txt
Mangrove defaunation 8 (Simberloff & Wilson) 6 232 defauni9.txt
Manu bats (Patterson et al,in prep) 19 82 manuinf.txt
Manu bats-sampled (Patterson et al, subm.) 19 82 manusam.txt
Marine reef fishes1 (Randall, 1963) 3 113 artreeff.txt
Marquesas ants (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 10 8 marqante.txt
Marquesas ants 1 (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 13 16 marqantt.txt
Midwest prairie fragments (W. D. Glass) 56 39 halfglas.txt
Mindanao mammals (Heaney, 1986) 9 35 mindanam.txt
Mojave rodents (Brown & Kurzius '87) 49 14 mojadsro.txt
Mojave rodents 1 (Brown & Kurzius '87) 52 14 mojarod.txt
Mojave rodents 2 (Brown & Kurzius '87) 3 5 mojasdro.txt
Montane mammals (Lomolino et al 1989) 28 26 montanem.txt
Montane mammals 1 (Lomolino et al 1989) 28 26 montmamm.txt
Moraine herbs (M. Scanlan, pers. comm.) 43 84 artiherb.txt
New Zealand birds (Patterson, 1987) 31 57 newzbird.txt
New Zealand birds 1 (Patterson, 1987) 22 53 newzbl.txt
New Zealand birds 2 (Patterson, 1987) 9 31 newzbo.txt
Non-camaenid snails (A. Solem, pers. comm.) 150 21 ncall.txt
Non-camaenid snails 1 (A. Solem, pers. comm.) 36 18 nccoast.txt
Non-camaenid snails 2 (A. Solem, pers. comm.) 31 19 ncinland.txt
Non-camaenid snails 3 (A. Solem, pers. comm.) 83 19 ncisland.txt
Ontario plankton (Patalas, 1971) 34 25 ontarioc.txt
Ontario woodlots (Weaver & Kellman, 1981) 10 30 woodtree.txt
Oregon lake fishes (Smith, 1978) 11 15 oregfish.txt
Outer Hebrides beetles (Welch, 1979) 6 155 ohebcol.txt
Outer Hebrides spiders (Welch, 1979) 6 38 ohebspid.txt
Overstory foraging flocks (D. Stotz) 29 71 brazofb.txt
Pacific shorefishes (Springer, 1982) 16 179 pacifish.txt
Palawan mammals (Heaney, 1986) 4 29 palawam.txt
Penobscot Bay mammals (Crowell, 1986) 7 29 penobm20.txt
Penobscot Bay mammals 1 (Crowell, 1986) 7 32 penobm85.txt
Perth plants (Abbott & Black, 1980) 49 147 perthp.txt
Plants on Baja islands (Cody et al, 1983) 20 597 bajapall.txt
Polynesian ants (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 62 43 polyante.txt
Polynesian ants 1 (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 94 40 polyantt.txt
Prairie angiosperms (R. Clinebell) 15 152 clinbell.txt
Puerto Rican anoles (Haefner, 1988) 11 8 pueranol.txt
Punuk birds (Thompson, 1967) 3 6 punukb.txt
Queen Charlotte birds (Simberloff & Martin) 41 30 qcbirds.txt
Reef mangroves (Stoddart, 1980) 22 16 reefmang.txt
Reef mangroves 1 (Stoddart, 1980) 22 17 reefmass.txt
Relaxation expt 1 (Simberloff, 1976) 8 205 relax1.txt
Relaxation expt 2 (Simberloff, 1976) 8 174 relax2.txt
Relaxation expt 2 1 (Simberloff, 1976) 8 125 relax2ex.txt
Relaxation expt 3 (Simberloff, 1976) 8 148 relax2in.txt
Relaxation expt 3 1 (Simberloff, 1976) 5 133 relax3.txt
Relaxation expt 3 2 (Simberloff, 1976) 5 85 relax3ex.txt
Relaxation expt 3 3 (Simberloff, 1976) 5 109 relax3in.txt
Rocky Mt mammals (Patterson & Atmar 1986) 28 26 rockymam.txt
Samoan ants (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 5 38 samoante.txt
Samoan ants 1 (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 7 24 samoantt.txt
Sand dune mice (Brown & Kurzius '87) 21 14 swussdro.txt
Scottish birds (Bourne & Harris, 1979) 19 22 hebirds.txt
Scottish birds 1 (Bourne & Harris, 1979) 14 18 hebwoffb.txt
Sipoo birds (Simberloff & Martin, 1991) 18 50 sipoobrd.txt
Snake River fishes (Smith, 1978) 4 29 snakfish.txt
Society Is. ants (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 7 11 sociante.txt
Society Is. ants 1 (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 10 21 sociantt.txt
Sonoran rodents (Brown & Kurzius '87) 45 14 sonodsro.txt
Sonoran rodents 1 (Brown & Kurzius '87) 48 14 sonorod.txt
Sonoran rodents 2 (Brown & Kurzius '87) 3 1 sonosdro.txt
South Africa Sciobius weevil (Morrone 1994) 21 47 saweevil.txt
Spartina enclosures (Rey, 1981) 3 10 cage342.txt
Spartina enclosures 1 (Rey, 1981) 3 14 cage36.txt
Spartina enclosures 2 (Rey, 1981) 4 36 cage41.txt
Spartina enclosures 3 (Rey, 1981) 4 18 cage42.txt
Spartina enclosures 4 (Rey, 1981) 4 17 cage43.txt
Spartina enclosures 5 (Rey, 1981) 4 16 cage44.txt
Spartina enclosures 6 (Rey, 1981) 4 15 cage45.txt
Sulawesi bats (Musser, 1987) 13 59 sulawbat.txt
Texan aquatics (Maguire, 1963) 9 38 texaqh.txt
Texan aquatics 1 (Maguire, 1963) 4 38 texaqv.txt
Thousand Island mammals (Lomolino, 1986) 18 10 1000islm.txt
Tile foulers (Sutherland & Karlson, 1977) 16 21 tiles272.txt
Tile foulers 1 (Sutherland & Karlson, 1977) 18 37 tiles273.txt
Tile foulers 2 (Sutherland & Karlson, 1977) 18 41 tiles274.txt
Tile foulers 3 (Sutherland & Karlson, 1977) 12 41 tilesc1.txt
Tonga ants (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 6 12 tongante.txt
Tonga ants 1 (Wilson & Taylor, 1967) 3 11 tongantt.txt
Tres Marias birds (Grant & Cowan 1964) 4 61 tresmarb.txt
Tres Marias herps (Zweifel, 1960) 4 20 tresmarh.txt
Tristan weevils (Williamson, 1981) 4 9 tristwe1.txt
Tristan weevils 1 (Williamson, 1981) 4 16 tristwe2.txt
Understory herbs (M. Scanlan) 22 116 natuherb.txt
Understory herbs (M. Scanlan, pers comm) 12 102 sotaherb.txt
Usambara birds (Newmark, 1991) 10 31 usambird.txt
Virgin Islands herps (Lazell, 1983) 43 23 brivirgh.txt
W. Australian camaenids (Cameron, 1992) 55 20 wauscam.txt
W. Australian camaenids 1 (Cameron, 1992) 7 20 wausclmp.txt
W. Australian snails (Cameron, 1992) 55 15 wauother.txt
W. Australian snails 1 (Cameron, 1992) 7 15 wauotlmp.txt
W. Australian snails 2 (Cameron, 1992) 55 35 wausnail.txt
W. Australian snails 3 (Cameron, 1992) 7 35 wausnlmp.txt
West Indian bats (Koopman, 1958) 7 55 kirim.txt
Wheatbelt mammals (Kitchener et al, 1980) 22 18 ausmam.txt
brazufb (Stotz, D. unpublished) 30 71 brazufb.txt