Unit Standard 21204: Element 2 Describe Maori Literacy
Recommended resources (see reference list in NCALE Provider Guide for details)
- Benseman, J., & Sutton, A. (Eds.). (2008). Facing the Challenge. The 8 chapters in the teaching and learning section all refer to adult literacy teaching and learning as it applies to New Zealand.
- Brooks, G. M., Burton, M. et al. (2007). Effective teaching and learning: reading.
- Burton, M., Davey, J., Lewis, M., Ritchie, L., & Brooks, G. (2008). Improving reading: phonics and fluency.
- Campbell, P. (2006). Teaching reading to adults: A balanced approach.
- Durie, M. (1998). Whaiora: Māori Health Development.
- Gal I., & Ginsburg L., (1996). Instructional strategies for teaching adult numeracy. This report identifies instructional strategies that address issues of assessment and development of numeracy and problem solving skills. The strategies are based on research on how adults learn and the cognitive processes involved in learning mathematics.
- Ginsburg, L., Manly, M., & Schmitt, M. J. (2006). The components of numeracy. The writers of this paper examined a variety of existing frameworks for numeracy and identified three major components of adult numeracy: context, content and cognitive and affective factors.
- Gray, A. (2006). Upskilling through foundation skills – a literature review.
- Grief, S., & Chatterton, J. (2007). Developing adult teaching and learning. Practitioner guides - writing.
- Grief, S., Meyer, B., & Burgess, A. (2007). Effective teaching and learning: writing.
- Krudenier, J. (2005). Research-based principles for adult basic education. This report reviews all the available adult-related research on the teaching of adults.
- McShane, S. (2005). Applying research in reading instruction for adults. First steps for teachers.
- Māori Adult Literacy Reference Group. (2001). “Te Kawai Ora. Reading the world, reading the word, being the world.” The document should be read in its entirety to provide a fuller understanding of what literacy can mean to Māori.
- Nonesuch, K. (2006). Changing the way we teach math. A manual for teaching basic math to adults. This manual sets out best practice from the literature, discusses issues with regard to its implementation and includes activities for classroom use.
- Pere, R.R. (1991). Te Wheke: A Celebration of Infinite Wisdom.
- Sharples, P. (2006). “Boys in education conference.”
- Tangaere, A.R. (1997). “Māori human development theory”.
- Tertiary Education Commission, (2009) Strengthening Literacy and Numeracy through Embedding. This gives a good overview of current research. The extensive bibliography lists many authors whose research could be used for teaching activities.
- Tout, D. and M.-J. Schmitt (2002). “The inclusion of adult numeracy in adult basic education.” This book chapter looks at how far the field of numeracy has come, how far it needs to go and where it might look for models of progress and accomplishment.
2.1 Description includes Māori concepts that relate to literacy. Range: ako, tuakana-teina, whakapapa, whānau, whānaungatanga.
2.2 Description includes Māori-based adult literacy initiatives.
2.3 Description includes pedagogies for Māori adult literacy development. Range: mana ao turoa, mana atua, mana whenua, mana tangata; taha wairua, taha hinengaro, taha tinana, taha whānau.
Candidates will demonstrate that they are able to describe what it means to be competent in literacy and numeracy in today's society, identify reasons for low literacy and numeracy levels in the adult population and describe initiatives for adult literacy provision, including literacy for Maori. Also describe current theories of teaching and learning adult literacy and numeracy, including Matauranga Maori.
- Element 1 - Describe adult literacy in Aotearoa
- Element 2 - Describe Maori Literacy.
- Element 3 - Identify the literacy demands of the training or education programme.
- Element 4 - Identify the literacy strengths and needs of the individual learners in the training or education programme.
- Element 5 - Integrate literacy skill development into the delivery of the training or education programme.
- Element 6 - Use literacy teaching strategies to promote adult literacy skill development in the training or education programme.
- Element 7 - Assess literacy progress in the training or education programme.
- Element 8 - Evaluate effectiveness of literacy teaching strategies and learning activities and any specialist adult literacy support in the training or education programme.