WikGovernance/Resources/ME Indicators

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M & E Indicators for Governance

from UNDP Project on Governance Indicators

  • Indicators anchored in a (local, regional, national) development plan
  • Indicators generated through transparent, inclusive and participatory process
  • An institutional procedure to collect data from partners - from a variety of sources (surveys, administrative data, national statistics, Civil Society)
  • Data is politically acceptable to all key stakeholders
  • Data sources enable disaggregation in terms of the poor and gender
  • National institutions including academia are used to develop a M&E system, so that national capacity is strengthened.
  • Targeted approach to developing the capacities of national stakeholders including government policymakesers, CSOs, the media, parliament, political parties as well as the national statistics agency or office
  • Resources are available to ensure the sustainability of the system through repetition of the assessment to enable monitoring of improvements in democratic governance.


  • Development of M&E Evaluation Capacity - many links here
  • World Bank Independent Evaluation Group
    • How to Build M&E Systems to Support Better Government (Report)
    • From the Models & Tools section - Government officials, development managers and civil society are increasingly aware of the value of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of development activities. M&E provides a better means of learning from past experience, improving service delivery, planning and allocating resources, and demonstrating results as part of accountability to key stakeholders. Yet there is often confusion about what M&E entails. This booklet therefore presents a sample of M&E tools, methods and approaches, including several data collection methods, analytical frameworks, and types of evaluation and review. For each of these, a summary is provided of the following: their purpose and use; advantages and disadvantages; costs, skills, and time required; and key references. The booklet discusses:
  • Performance indicators
  • The logical framework (logframe) approach
  • Theory-based evaluation
  • Formal surveys
  • Rapid appraisal methods
  • Participatory methods
  • Public expenditure tracking surveys
  • Impact evaluation
  • Cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis

This second edition of the M&E booklet (opens in PDF includes an expanded discussion of various types of impact evaluation. The booklet is available in English.