OER for a Post Graduate Programme in HRM
Module 1 :
Principles of Management
Module Content Map
Topic 1:What is management?
Process of Management
For realizing its declared objectives every organization, whether business or non-business, receives certain inputs from the external environment, process them and delivery outputs. The outputs in turn goes to the external environment, and the external environment continues to supply the inputs. Therefore the whole process of managing is related to this chain of events. Please see the diagram of the Input-Output Model below:
Briefly,from the above diagram, a process uses inputs to generate outputs. Therefore we can say that a process is an integrated set of activities that uses resources to transform inputs into outputs. A system exists whenever several processes are interconnected using such input-output relationships. Processes are interconnected because the output from one process becomes the input for another process. Therefore the process of management is facilitating, regulating and improving a network of processes for planned outputs from planned inputs. The process is made up of people, work, activities, tasks, records, documents, forms,resources, rules, regulations, reports, materials, supplies, tools, equipment etc. These are all the things needed to transform inputs into outputs.