OER for a Post Graduate Programme in HRM

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Module 1 :
Principles of Management

Module Content Map

Topic 1:What is management?

Definition of Management | Process of Management | Nature of Management | Primary Functions of Management | Levels of Management | Key points & Activity

Go next Topic 2:
Management Theories

Levels of Management

Management is basically a pyramid like structure with following three major levels (normally):

  • Top Level - Policy and final decision making authorities. For example, Chairman, Managing Director, Chief Executive Officer, Board of Directors etc.
  • Middle level Management - In most organizations the middle level may have more than one level. For example, departmental/regional/zonal heads.
  • Front-line Management - Entry level in the management.

Please see the diagrammatic representation below:


The above diagram also indicates that the number of managers will be lesser as the levels go up in the pyramid.