## Introduction

Objectives
 Upon completion of this unit you will be able to: Explain the concept of leadership Identify various styles of leadership Analyse one’s own leadership styles. Explain the conceptual differences between ‘leadership’ and ‘management’ Identify factors of the dynamics of successfully leading others Demonstrate assertiveness in putting forward good choices; motivating others,sharing tasks and following good leaders.

Definitions
 Management can be defined as a process of coordinating actions and allocating resources to achieve organizational goals. Motivation is a process that occurs internally to influence and direct our behaviour in order to satisfy needs. It is whatever influence our choices and creates direction, intensity and persistence in our behaviour. Assertiveness refers to the act of being able to state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully.

According to Michener, DeLamamater and Schwartz leadership is a process that takes place in groups in which one member influences and controls the behavior of the other members toward some common goal. Because of the various types of leader been identified, leadership then is something more than just personality or appointment. It is closely linked with behaviour.

Leadership is a dynamic process in a group whereby an individual within the group has the ability to influence, motivate and enable others to contribute voluntarily towards the attainment of the organiazational goals or tasks. Therefore a person who has this ability is known as a leader.

The concept of leadership includes three aspects

1. people
2. influence
3. goals

That is, it occurs among people, involves the use of influence and is used to attain the goals/tasks of its people.

# Reflection

 Do you think that a good leader possess certain qualities. If yes lets name some of these qualities.

Activity
 Search all aspects of yourself: List the qualities that you possess that makes you a good leader. List those qualities that you think need to be improved to become a better leader. Identify ways how you can build yourself to become a better leader.

Bear in mind, that a leader is not only a person that supervises and directs others in the corporate world, but it also applies to the domestic, scholastic and religious domains.

Leadership style is the manner and approach of providing direction,implementing plans and motivating people.

# Reflection

 With the above statement, do you believe that there are different types of leadership?

A leadership strategy is the art of leading people or the "know how" of leadership. Strategies are plans designed to achieve a particular long term aim. They are useful in order to promote effective leadership. The following are some suggestions of strategies that can be considered in order to enhance leadership effectiveness:

• Understand the difference between leadership and management.
• Set objectives but ensure that they are agreed upon by the people you lead.
• Understand those factors that motivate people and apply them in your interactions with those you lead.
• Reduce the effects of those factors that cause dissatisfaction.
• Decide when, how and to whom to delegate authority and responsibility(the right person for the right job).
• Use different styles of leadership based on the job to done and the people to be lead.

Activity
 You were given some strategies above to help you to lead successfully. List some others that you think can help you. 

# Self Assessment

 There has always been a controversey about leadership and management. With your knowledge of what is leadership and what is management, do you believe that there is a difference between leadership and management?

Activity
 Put activity text here Feedback: Put feedback text here

# Summary

 In this unit we have looked into the concept of leadership various styles of leadership Individuals own leadership styles. The conceptual differences between ‘leadership’ and ‘management’ Factors of the dynamics of successfully leading others Assertiveness in putting forward good choices; motivating others,sharing tasks and following good leaders.

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## References

Kelly-Heidenthal,Patricia.2003 Nursing Leadership and Management 2nd edition,Thomson Learning,Inc.New York.

McMahon,Rosmary;Barton,Elizabeth and Piot,Maurice et al,1984.On Being In-charge,W.H.O publication, Geneva.

Daft, Richard. L. Management 5th edition, Harcourt College Publishers. U.S.A. 2000