Asia and the pacific

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(b) Why and how has New Zealand become increasingly involved in South-East Asia and the Pacific since World War II?

Communism and the 1951 Watersiders' Strike

New Zealand’s relationships

Western Samoa

Support towards independence:

Aid and Development:

The Cook Islands New Zealand gave many different types of aid and development assistance to the Cook Islands.They did this through a organisation called NZ AID. This aid included education and training, economic development, marine resources, governance and gender equality. Education aid was 40% of New Zealand and Australia's aid towards the cook islands. The Education aid is a long term strategy that is chosen to improve the schooling of pre-school to vocational studies including those with special needs. NZAID/AusAID assistance to the education sector focuses on:

  • support to schools and the Ministry of Education. This includes the provision of teachers and curriculum advisers, upskilling of principals, heads of department, and upgrading of school libraries
  • refurbishment of school buildings
  • in-country training, particularly for trades such as automotive, electrical and carpentry; business management and tourism
  • short-term training awards in New Zealand
  • scholarships to study in New Zealand and the Pacific region with priority given to tourism, finance, education/teaching, marine, environment and health.

NZAID gave aid to the cook islands also by developing their economy.

Support towards independence:

Aid and Development:


Support towards independence: New Zealand helped Niue develop independence in various ways, some of which are listed below.

  • "Halavaka ke he Monuina Arrangement (HkhMA) for a Programme of Strengthened Cooperation with Niue was signed by the New Zealand Prime Minister and the Niue Premier on 30 October 2004. The arrangement facilitates closer cooperation between New Zealand and Niue government agencies, representing a major shift in New Zealand's approach to managing its relationship with Niue."
  • New Zealand invested NZ$20 million over five years in "capital and infrastructure projects" which saw a strengthening of Niue's self-reliance. "A large portion of infrastructure spending will be allocated to the development of the new Niue hospital."

These have all helped Niue develop independence, through the help of New Zealand. [1]

Aid and Development:

  • NZ assists in Niue's education by setting up the education development project which is aimed at improving the quality of early childhood, primary and secondary education in order to sustainably improve outcome for students.
  • A further NZ$10 million over five years will strengthen links between New Zealand and Niue government departments. NZAID's immediate priority is to link New Zealand public service expertise with Niue's public sector capacity gaps. This will require a new culture of learning and more active involvement and support from New Zealand government agencies, including ongoing mentoring and other support arrangements.

The Tokelaus

Support towards independence: there was a Tokelau Islands Act of 1948

Aid and Development: about 4 million dollars annually to maintain public services. In addition, other than aid, Tokelauans remit money back to relatives in the island.

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Key dates and events:
  • 1947 The Statute of Westminster was passed, making New Zealand an independent nation.
  • 1951 ANZUS Treaty signed
  • 1954 SEATO (the Manila Treaty) was signed.
  • 2009 Tokelau is NZ's only remaining independent nation

Military involvement: Korea, Malaysia, Vietnam