VirtualMV/XML/XML+HTML

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XML and HTML

Html can be included in an xml file by adding

xmlns:html="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"

to the root element Using this technique allows us to for example display an image within an xml file.

So if we have an XML file (xmlImage.xml) as

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<?xml-stylesheet href="xmlImage.css" type="text/css"?>
<data xmlns:html="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<pic>
   <html:img src="fern.png" width="48" height="36"></html:img>
</pic>
<heading>Fern</heading> <name>NZ Silver Fern</name> 
<description>The Silver fern is used by many New Zaland sports teams ...
 </description>
<pic>
   <html:img src="Kowhai.png" width="48" height="48" />
</pic>
<heading>Kowhai</heading> <name>NZ Kowhai flower</name> 
<description> The Kowhai is a yellow flower that ...
</description>
</data>

And an associated style sheet (xmlImage.css)

/* CSS Document */
#contents { padding: 24px; background: #EBF5FC;	min-height: 300px; }
body      { font-family: verdana,sans-serif; background: #EDEBE3; color: #333;
	    padding: 16px 20px 48px 20px; margin: 0;}
h1        { font-family: trebuchet ms; 	font-weight: bold; color: #333; margin:0; }
 
/* CSS for XML */
heading      { font-size: 24pt; color: #FF0000; }
name         { color: #0000FF; font-size: 12pt; }
description  { display: block; color: #000; margin-left: 12pt; margin-left: 60px; }

If we put this into an iframe page for display (xmlImage.html)

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>
	<title>XML Image Example</title>
	<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" />
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="xmlImage.css">
</head>
<body>
  <h1>XML Image Example</h1>
  <div id="main">
	<div id="contents">
  	  <p class="note">XML Generated information using an XML File and CSS</p>
      <iframe src="xmlImage.xml" width="100%" height="440px" scrolling="no" frameborder="0">
      </iframe>
	</div>
  </div>
</body>
</html>

Assuming the images are available, this would render in the web browser ...

Example :Click here to run xmlImage.htm. The diagram following shows the result in Google's chrome.

XML/CSS image example)


For more information refer to (Cormia, 2011)[1]

Examples

VmvIcon References.png References

  1. Cormia, R. (2011) COIN78 - XML Lesson 5: Using CSS with XML. Retrieved from http://fgamedia.org/faculty/rdcormia/COIN78/lesson05.htm
  2. Scalable Vector Graphics. (2010, March 20). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10:59, March 20, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scalable_Vector_Graphics

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VirtualMV/XML/XML+HTML. (2017). In WikiEducator/VirtualMV wiki. Retrieved October 22, 2017, from http://wikieducator.org/VirtualMV/XML/XML%2BHTML    (zotero)