8. Risks, Failures and Responsibilities

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In this topic, we will look at some of the uses of computers where they have very direct personal implications for our health and safety. Who is responsible for the use and abuse that can result from these relationships and interactions?

Computers themselves are not capable of original thought but they can act as through they "think". Computers have capabilities to "remember" vast amounts of information and apply the information according to millions of rules that have been defined by hundreds of programmers over decades. How does this all come together? What happens when there are conflicts within the rules or data and something goes wrong?



Learning outcomes

  • recognize the benefits and dangers associated with computers
  • select web sites that provide additional insight into the issues
  • examine issues raised in discussions
  • write thoughtful responses to questions asked



Keywords

  • failures, errors, reliability, safety, dependency, ethics, professionalism, responsibilities, violations, consequences, conflict of interest, change leadership


Study notes

  • We are becoming more dependent on technology. What safeguards should there be to ensure that we are safe from this technology?
  • Who should be responsible in the case of technology doing damage or causing injury?
  • What computer errors are just annoying? What are some examples of serious computer errors?
  • What is the difference between a "design flaw" and a "bug"? Is one more serious than the other?
  • What legal remedies should be available in cases of computer hardware and software problems?
  • Are we too dependent on computers?
  • How reliable and accurate are computer models? Are there computer models that are "better" than real life testing?
  • Which people or organizations have helped make systems safer or reduced the negative consequences of errors?



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Media


RISK

Creativity is rejected: Teachers and bosses don’t value out-of-the-box thinking.
"creativity that is rarely acknowledged: Most people don’t actually like it. Studies confirm what many creative people have suspected all along: People are biased against creative thinking,...
Cyber Security for Small and Medium Enterprises - Free online course
"explore some of the common cyber threats facing small and medium enterprises, what a cyber attack means, and what practical tools and strategies you can put in place to prevent them."
New KnowBe4 Survey: Ransomware Infections Double In Two Years
Huge Jump in ransomware infections from 20% to 37% The study showed there is growing apprehension over ransomware, rising to 79% from 73% of those who are very or extremely concerned about it. Ther...
Security researcher discovers glaring problem with patient data system, FBI stages armed dawn raid / Boing Boing
Shafer discovered another security vulnerability in dental records, this one a publicly available File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server operated by the team behind Eaglesoft, a dental practice manage...
Future Medical Technology | Nanomedicine Future For All
advancements in medical technology. This article has sources with regeneration with organs. This type of technology is a game changing advancement in medical technology.
<p class=&qu...


ETHICS

What Does “Responsible Innovation” Mean? - IEEE Spectrum
"engineers should move away from looking at their work from a purely technical point of view and ask how their developments may affect humanity’s future and whether they are working towards...
OEC - Case of the Killer Robot
"fictitious articles that touch on specific issues in software engineering and computer ethics. The articles discuss programs such as programmer psychology, team dynamics, user interfaces, sof...
Computer Ethics Links — SIGCAS - Computers & Society
"Computer Ethics Links Computing, Ethics, and Social Responsibilitycollection of on-line materials, links to other sites, and bibliographies that support the study of "Professionalism in...
Environmental Decision Making, Science, and Technology
ETHICS AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESPONSIBILITYTechnology often begins with a near-term, and often shortsighted response to a human need or want, and while it addresses the immediate need, often causes lon...



Assignments

  1. Before you start the reading and the assignments, take a few minutes to think about what you already know about the topic - Risks, Failures and Responsibilities. Write a sentence or two about this in the I know... discussion.

  2. Read the Study notes for an overview for the topics that will be covered.

  3. Read, view, listen to several selections in the Selected media list.

  4. Choose 3 words from the Keywords list. Find a resource that provides information about each of the words and how they relates to the course. These should relate to technology. Be sure to include specific information about how technology is involved in your post. Post the words, links to your resources, and a brief description about your selection for each, to the discussion Risks, Failures and Responsibilities keywords.
    Review 3 others, and write a brief reply to the author for each.

  5. Take the quiz Ethics and Responsibilities. Answer based on your reading from the selected media. When you have completed all the questions, submit your quiz for grading.

  6. We will be using the WikiEducator.org wiki for collaborative writing where everyone in the project group works together to prepare your projects. Wikieducator is intended as a resource for learners and educators. http://wikieducator.org
    You should have created a user account and a personal User page for your account already. http://wikieducator.org/Wikieducator_tutorial/Creating_an_Account/Instructions
    Practice writing and editing by adding a summary of your Grand Challenge topic to your user page. Help links are available - left navigation, and at the bottom of editable pages. There are several tutorials available as well - basic editing, including media, free image sources, collaborative editing.
    http://wikieducator.org/Wikieducator_tutorial
    Post a link to your WikiEducator User page in the WikiEducator Users discussion.
    http://www.wikieducator.org/User:...your user name...

  7. Search the web for resources that talk about medicine and computers. Find one that you think are particularly interesting. Your "find" should be dated within the last year. Write a critical-thinking question about the social issues discussed. Post the web site address and your question to the discussion Medicine and Computers. Facilitate your discussion and participate in at least 2 other discussions. Things to think about - Why is this important to society? What is the impact on society?

    Be aware of the dates on sources of material. Just like old library books or periodicals, old web resources can provide misleading and out-dated information.

  8. But can we trust other people? Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/ is an online encyclopedia with articles written and edited by site visitors. This experiment in creating an open-source reference "book" hosts millions of articles contributed by thousands of volunteers and is growing daily. Wikipedia receives 60 million visitors a day. Although Wikipedia's success has been tarnished a little by vandalism, some misinformation, and fights over certain controversial topics, the wiki concept of an open site maintained by its users, has been a hit. Look in Wikipedia for a topic that interests you or read the daily feature on the front page.
    Look at the History and Talk (links in the page header - these are separate pages) for the Wikipedia page you select.
    In the History page, for the article you select, find a contributor with a profile and read their profile. In the Talk, see if there is any controversy or ideas for changes. Some topics have caused considerable discussion as there are a broad range of views. For some topics, there is even conflicting scientific data to support opposing views. In the Wikipedia and Trust discussion provide the link to page you reviewed and a brief summary of the story behind the story including information from the History and Talk pages.

  9. Learn to code - There is a big push on to have all kids in K-12 learn to code and write programs for computer applications. There are many articles discussing including coding into education. There are sites that provide lessons and coding tools, apps and games. Hour of Code, Code Academy, Scratch, teach.mozilla.org, coding apps are just a few of the resources. Find a site that addresses coding for kids. What do you think? Is learning to code necessary? Important? Does the resource you selected support kids, teachers and anyone interested in learning to code? Post a link to the resource and a brief description along with your thoughts about the importance of learning to code to Learn to Code discussion.

  10. Reflection - What are some questions that YOU still have about the topic? How could you find answers to these questions? Your response should be 2-3 sentences. Submit to I wonder... assignment.


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