# Otago Polytechnic/Developing a Research and Enterprise at OP/Nomenclature and Definitions

## Definitions of Research

... are available from a variety of sources
NZTE (New Zealand Trade and Enterprise) define research in 3 categories thus:

Basic Research, Applied Research and Experimental Research - defined by NZTE -- is this useful for us?

Type of research and development activity
"The R&D expenditure discussed in this release can be classified as one of three types.

Basic research, which is carried out to pursue a planned search for new knowledge with either a broad underpinning reference, or no reference, to a likely application.

Applied research, which is investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective and determines possible uses of basic research.

Experimental development, which is systematic work, drawing on knowledge gained from research and practical experience that is directed at producing new materials, products and devices; installing new processes, systems and services; or improving substantially those already produced or installed.

The relative proportions of R&D undertaken have shifted away from basic research toward applied research in 2010 compared with 2008.

Of the total expenditure on R&D in 2010 ($2,444million),$863 million (35 percent) was attributed to experimental development, $914 million (37percent) to applied research, and the remaining$667 million (27 percent) to basic research.

In2008, \$767 million was spent on experimental development. The proportion of experimental development in the business sector remained high at 63 percent (up from 59 percent in 2008). A further 31 percent was attributed to applied research and six percent to basic research.

The most significant type of R&D in the government sector was applied research at 51 percent, up from 43 percent, followed by basic research at 35 percent, down from 40 percent. Experimental development accounted for only 14 percent, down from 17 percent in 2008. Basic research made up 48 percent of the R&D undertaken in the higher education sector (a decrease from 53 percent in 2008). Applied research accounted for 36 percent, and experimental development 16 percent."

NZQA (New Zealand Qualifications Authority) defines research in Academic context ...

From Sam, some notes on how to consider activity within a school or area

 Work in progress, expect frequent changes. Help and feedback is welcome. See discussion page.