Open Education Practices

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by opensourceway

Open education practices (OEP) has become a term in its own right, and the many aspects associated with the phenomenon are described superbly in the Open Practices What article by Helen Beetham (2012).

Historically, open education was offered by only a few institutions (e.g., Open University, Open Polytechnic, and Athabasca university) and usually meant distance learning. Hence the term open distance learning. Such institutions removed barriers to participation in formal learning by eliminating entry requirements and pre-requisites, enabling anyone to study for a qualification. The distance component also meant that the learning environment was easier to access, as learners did not need to travel to a campus.

More recently, open education has come to mean free online learning and is associated with the use of open education resources (OER). A commonly accepted definition for OER by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation (2012) provides a starting point:

OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge.
Sharing and collaboration
Philosophically, open education practices require that individuals will openly share the resources that they create, making it possible for others to re-use them. Collaboration is key in the creation and sharing of OER. "The fundamental design of Open Education intends to produce a threefold educational experience that combines learning/research, communication and collaboration...." (Wikipedia, 2013). Debate about what constitutes open education resources and practices has been in process since the OER term was defined in 2002. This is discussed in the OER Literature review by Ruth Jelley (2013).
Open licensing
When considering using or creating open education resources, it is important to understand protocols such as using open licences (rather than copyright - all rights reserved) for materials so that they can be re-used. Material in the public domain can be freely used. Some rights reserved, open licensing is made possible by selecting Creative Commons licenses. A good place to start looking for a range of re-usable media is Search Creative Commons.
Successful open education practices
Essentially, teachers need to understand how to collaborate and share resources not only with students but also with colleagues, and how to become more involved in online social networks and communities. Collaboration and communication using a variety of media-sharing platforms facilitates this.
Examples of media sharing platforms
Wiki platforms for content generation (PBworks, Wikispaces, WikiEducator), file sharing using Google documents, e-Portfolios using Google Sites, image, video and information sharing sites such as Flickr, Picasa, FaceBook and Youtube.



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Examples of open courses

by opensourceway

Lots of organisations are now offering open courses which are available to anyone who has access to a computer or mobile device and the Internet. Here is a list of some of the more commonly known ones.






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Activity

  • Define OER and OEP in your context.
  • Reflect on what OER and OEP means for your teaching, and how you can introduce these concepts into your practice to enhance sustainability.

Must have resources

  • OER Literature review by Ruth Jelley (2013). In Leigh Blackall and Bronwyn Hegarty (Eds), Open Education Practices: A User Guide for Organisations. Note: You need to scroll up to the beginning of the article.
  • Peruse the article: Pantò E., Comas-Quinn A. (2013). The Challenge of Open Education, Journal of e-Learning and Knowledge Society, 9(1), 11-22. The focus is on Open Educational Resources (OER) and Open Educational Practices (OEP).
Spot the faux pas on page 19 about the OER University.
  • Four part series on Open Pedagogy.
Part One: Open Pedagogy - A model for Open Education Practice.
Part Two: Open Pedagogy - What is web-based Open Education Practice, really?






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Extra resources

  • Investigate OER at Otago Polytechnic.
  • Some good videos available in Open Education Practices: A User Guide for Organisations.