VirtualMV/Research/Academic writing/Techniques

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By the end of this section you will be able to:

  • Understand techniques used in academic writing
  • Write for the future – a proposal is about what you will be doing
  • Write for a non-expert
  • Get the facts right
  • Avoid
    • opinion (don’t use “I think..”)
    • Using time based word, the report may be read years in the future e.g. “current technology”, “today’s hardware”
    • Words like “above” or “below” – use previously or following (as the document may be reformatted)
  • Support statements from literature
  • Work progressively and to a plan
  • Be prepared to draft and re-draft
  • Discuss your report with others

The use of "I" and "We"

  • "I" or "we" can signal that you are expressing an opinion e.g. "I think that more females were ...". A research paper is based on what is found in literature or comments are supported by literature.
  • Many publications accept "I" and "we" if it describes a process or procedure you have doen e.g. "I then built a prototype system" - which is a fact.
  • 2013


"The past, the present, and the future walked into a bar. It was tense."

When writing think how your paper will read in the future. A paper generally records what has happened (past tense).

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VirtualMV/Research/Academic writing/Techniques. (2022). In WikiEducator/VirtualMV wiki. Retrieved June 26, 2022, from http:    (zotero)