User:Veroorosco/Academic witing notes

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Brainstorming Literature Review

  • Teenagers Motivation for L2 learning in the classroom


Motivation - concept

Motivation for L2 learning

Motivation in the classroom

- Intrinsic motivation

- Extrinsic motivation

Types of motivation

How to motivate students en in the classroom? What to do with learners at this age?




The main problem is that teenagers students do not get enough motivation in the classroom so they can be better students when learning a second language.



The main objective of researching on this topic is because some students are more motivated than others and that would affect their learning. By doing this research I would find why some of them acquire the language easier than others.

Research Questions

  • How is culture related to second language learning?
  • How high and low motivation affect second language learning?
  • How do communicative activities in the classroom relate to motivation and second language learning?

Annotated Bibliography

1st thing to write: reference according to APA style

Small paragraph (4-6 sentences)

1.-Evaluate the author or the background of the person 2.-Who is the audience? 3.-Compare and contrast this author 4.-How does it help you for your research?

Due on Nov 04th

Focus on: - Problem, purpose, research questions

At least 10 references: books, journals, internet (2-3)


Bartels,J.M. Magun-Jackson,S. & Ryan,J.J.(2010) Dispositional Approach-Avoidance Achievement Motivation and Cognitive Self.regulated learning: The mediation of Achievement goals. Vol.8, No 2, p.p. 97-110.

The authors of the article are people from different universities who have had experience with students and they took a sample from a student to do a research. The audience which is directed this article is mainly for teachers who play an important role in the strategies and motivation area with students from high levels. Comparing this journal with another, it is seemed that according to Osman in his article called “Second Language Learning success and Motivation” he mentioned that Gardner argued that second language learners and culture are likely related to the success of learning a language. It can be said that both authors think that motivation is a very important factor when learning, especially teenagers. This work help my bibliography because in this way I can realize how important the motivation in students is and will help me as an example of a sample in students.


Lei, S. (2008) Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation: Evaluating Benefits and Drawbacks from college Instructors´Prespectives. Journal of Instructional Psychology, Vol. 37, No.2.

This article does not show the background of the author. This article is directed to teachers and students but I would say that mainly for teachers who work with students from the college. Teachers may love this article since it explains intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of students in the classroom. Comparing the presented article with “Second Language Learning Success and Motivation” (Osman) It can be said that both think that by motivating students in the classroom and outside the classroom they can achieve goals related to learning a second language, especially in teenagers since teen need more motivation because all of the changes they have at this age. This work would benefit a lot my literature review since the main focus is the motivation in teenagers and this is a good example of why motivations is important and how students feel motivated.


Osman, A. (2009) Second Language Learning success and motivation. Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey.

The author of this research ( Ali Osman) is a teacher in the Faculty of Education in Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey. The study is directed to teachers who are interested of knowing about different types of motivations students need in order to learn a language successfully. These motivations are used directly and indirectly and the study shows how important it is by testing 44 students. This study clearly shows some hypothesis from Gardner because He used to say if a student is really motivated, he/she would have success in their learning specially a language. The results of the study show that there is a comparison between both. This wok values to my bibliography because nowadays teenagers need to feel motivated in order to be better learners and acquire the language.


Akif,M.A. & Uluyol,C. (2010) Investigation of College students´ intrinsic motivation in project bases learning. International Journal of Human Sciences. Vol 7:1.

Dr. Mehemet Akif is an assistant professor in the Department and Instructional Technologies Teaching at Gazi University, Gazi Faculty of Education. The audience which the journal is directed is to every person who is involved in the educational field. Comparing this journal with the study “The relationship between Cross-culture communication activities and students motivation in studying second language” (Youssef, 2009) this study shows that culture plays an important role when learning a language, as well as motivation. Both agree in making students aware of reasons why they want to learn a second language. This investigation of college may help a lot the literature review related to motivation because if students have intrinsic motivation, they would learn better and faster.


Youssef, H (2009) The relationship between cross-culture communication activities and student motivation in studying second language. Kitami Institute of Technology, Hokkaido, Japan.

The author, Hussein Zanaty Mohammed works in Heidelberg University in Japan. He is the international culture coordinator and teaching supervision in the university. The study is focused on students from Japan who are studying a second language and research wanted to know if the cross-cultural aspect is an important one for feeling motivated when learning. . Comparing this study with “Motivation and Adult learning” (Gom, 2009) In this article is clearly noticed that authors show that motivations is a difficult concept to define and it is also a difficult area in which teachers should work with. In both articles are stated and related types or ways of motivations. This study must help to my research since it clearly shows how learners, culture, communication activities and motivation go together to learn a second language.


Gom,O.(2009 Motivation and Adult learning. DWU Research Journal. Vol.10 May.

Oring Gom is a lecturer in the Faculty of Flexible learning at Divine World University,. He has a Bachelor of Management (DWU) and Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education Teaching and Leaning.This article is directed to teachers and learners who would like to know about motivation when learning a second language and the relationship between motivation and learning. As well as the theories of motivation. Comparing this work with a “Investigation of college students´intrisic motivation in project based learning” (Ocak, 2010) He also mentioned about two main types of motivation which play an important role in the teaching and learning process. This work is very useful for my literature review since teaching an everything that goes around it is important to create a successful learning in teenagers.

Holt, J.N. ( 2001 ) Motivation as a Contributing Factor in Second Language Acquisition. Retrieved on November 3 2010 from

Jacqueline Norris-Holt the author of this article, focuses mainly in Gardner´s theories of language acquisition. The author clearly mentions about instrumental and integrative motivation. The author explains a research in Japan and the context in which students are being motivated int his country. The ideal audience of this article is for teachers from Japan. In contrast with previous journals, it can be said that this author is giving advices for teachers, something that no one had mentioned before. Also this author is talking about integrative and instrumental motivation. This article is very useful for my work because the author gives some suggestions than it has not been found in any of the others articles and journals.

Liuolienė, A. (2007) Second Language Learning Motivation. Retrieved on November 4 2010 from

The author of this article is trying to project what she just researched with students. This research is trying to orient students and teachers about the motivation in second language learning and how it influences the learning process. This article is directed to teachers who are looking for create motivation in students and who want to increase it on students. This work is very useful for my work since it shows statistics and result of an important research with students.

Mohideen, M. (2005) Attitudes and Motivation in Second Language Learning. Retrieved on Novemeber 4, 2010 from

The author of this article is a teacher with a long experience on working with adolescents. This article is directed to teachers especially from Japan since the research given in the article explains a research made with Japan adolescent learners. Comparing this article with “The relationship between cross-culture communication activities and student motivation in studying second language” (Youssef, 2009) both are comparing and talking about the cultural background with the motivation of students. Since both goes together. This research is useful for my work because the article describe exactly what I am looking for, how to motivate teenagers in the classroom.

Renchler, R. (1992) Student motivation, school culture and academic achievement. Retrieved on November 4, 2010 from

The author of this article is giving information about how culture and motivation with students are related and are an important aspect which has a lot to do with the achievement of students when learning a second language. This article is directed to every person who is in the education field because it does not only cover aspects of teaching, it also talks about motivation and culture. Comparing this article with “Attitudes and Motivation in Second Language Learning” Mohideen (2005) it is common to see the relationship between these two article since both talks about motivation.

Headline text


Citation and References


1.- Last name, First Initial. 2.- (Year). 3.- Title 4.- Place of Publication


1.- Authors last name, First initial. 2.- (Year). 3.- Title of the article. 4.- Name of the Jourlal 5.- Volume, section 6.- Page number or numbers 7.- doi


Case Study

This case study focuses in one individual or a few individuals. Your one individual is specifically ( is the purpose from others). What´s different about hime/her?

Action Research

It is an internal purpose, only participants do that. Eg. Trs doing action research to see what happen with teaching.

Field Resarch

It is not an experiment. It is natural, with participants. It implies observation.

Literature Review

A compilation of the research that has been published on a topic by recognized scholars and researchers. A background that helps to describe an issue or problem you are wanting to explai.

Research Paper

Research in whatever field of inquiry has four purposes, i.e. describing, explaining and predicting phenomena and ultimately controlling events.



1.- Main Idea.

2.- Evidence, Examples, quotes, references, etc.

3.- Analysis, compare and contraste, cause and effect.

4.- Link.


When writing an article review, first we need to read carefully, once we have understood everything and the main idea we can write our article.

An article review has 5 paragraphs. In the first one we should write about the topic. (what it is about) In the second one we should write about instruments that were used in the article, participants and results. In the third one we should analyze the article maybe with another article that covers the same topic, or in our case to compare with our field. In the fourth paragraph we still analyze the topic. In th last paragrah we mention the conclusion, it is a brief summary of what we just mentioned.


Literature Review

Cook,V. ( ) Second Language Learning and Language Teaching. Oxord Unversity.

Spada, N. ( ) How languages are learned. Oxford Handbooks for Laguage Teachers.


TITLE PAGE ( one page, on a separate one ) page 1

- University

- Title of the paper

- Author´s name

- Date

- Running Head

ABSTRACT ( it has its own page, 120 words ) Page 2

The abstract tells you all about the article

- The abstract is not indented

- All text is left justified

- All lines double space



In the fist line of the Literature Review goes the Title of the Article

The first word of every paragraph is indented ( 0.5 inches )

Do not create a new page. Finish with the literature review, double space and then we start with METHOD.


- Instruments

Results or Findings

CONCLUSION (250 words) No more that two pages.

The conclusion is not a separate section, it is part of the results.

REFERENCES ( another page )

-Headings are bolded ( nothing else )

Introduction - 200 - 250 words

Do not write the word Introduction nor Conclusion in my literature review.

In the introduction goes the problem, the purpose and the research questions.