Recent history of intelligent machines

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A recent history of intelligent machines

1941 Conrad Zuse produces the Z3, acknowledged to be the first computer as it is currently understood

1951 Lincoln Laboratory makes military computer The Whirlwind which has a graphic interface

1968 Douglas Engelbart, invents the computer mouse

1969 An experimental network of four computers called ARPANET is commissioned by the U.S. government; the four computers are located at Stanford, UCLA, UC Santa Barbara, and the University of Utah

1972 Ray Tomlinson adapts existing e-mail technology to ARPANET, uses the " @ " symbol

1973 Bob Metcalfe, a researcher at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), writes a memo about a network technology called Ethernet

1975 The Altair 8800, the first successful home (or personal) computer is designed; beginning of Microsoft with BASIC language

1977 The Apple II introduced, the first successful Apple computer

1981 IBM 5150 becomes de facto standard for PC’s running Microsoft software

1982 First portable computer by Osborne

1983 Apple Lisa with graphical user interface released

1989 Tim Berners-Lee writes protocols for www (world wide web), html (hypertext markup language), http (hypertext transfer protocol)

1993 First web cam at Cambridge University (shooting a coffee pot); first graphical browser (Mosaic by Mark Andersen)

1994 Joint Photographic Experts Group establishes image coding standard jpeg (or .jpg)

1995 Amazon starts service, ebay founded

1996 24 Hours in Cyberspace "the largest one-day online event" up to that date brings together photographers, editors, programmers, and interactive designers

2000 1 billion web pages registered by google

2001 Wikipedia begun

2004 Web 2.0 conference suggests new uses of the internet

2005 Google earth released

2007 Bloggers in Burma keep world informed during military crackdown

2008 1 trillion pages registered by Google

2010 Web 3.0 suggested