OLPC Oceania/Training/Lesson Plans/Introducing the XO

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OLPC Dreikikir Teacher Training.jpg

This is a lesson plan for facilitators of OLPC Oceania trials and roll-outs in the Pacific Islands region, associated with OLPC Australia and OLPC New Zealand. For more information on OLPC Oceania click here. For the full list of lesson plans, click here

This training programme is based on the schedule used in PNG as part of the “8-country trials”. It constitutes the minimum teacher training input recommended. It would be preferable to increase the time allocated to this training substantially. We recommend that even in deployments where only one class is receiving laptops, all the teachers in the school should be trained. (In fact, they will probably demand to be trained!!). In addition, if any education officials are present, they can also be trained at the same time. Feedback: At Drekikir in PNG, the Head Teacher invited his counterparts from two nearby primary schools and the District Education Advisor and District Standards Officer.

OLPC Oceania Teacher Training: Lesson 2: Introducing the XO

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After this lesson, participants will understand:

  • The hardware
  • The basics of the software
  • What sharing activities means
  • What inviting means

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The following user guides are available:

Feedback: The Getting Started guide is preloaded on the XO; Start the browser and find it in the library


  • If possible, have a few printed, bound copies of the "Getting Started" guide for the school office. At 103 pages it may not be practicable to give one to each teacher.


  • One XO per teacher/participant. It is recommended to provide laptops already prepared with names and colours entered. Otherwise, this can distract from the training. Laptops should be fully charged beforehand.
  • Facilitator needs 2 XOs to demonstrate
  • School server if available with active antenna to enhance collaboration

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Facilitators will have read the entire "Getting Started" guide and be familiar with the XO, epecially:

  • all the loaded activities
  • how to share and invite
  • the few known bugs (click here to list a few)


  • Trainees will have completed the Introduction to the OLPC Vision lesson


The training will involve the following techniques:

  • Demonstration
  • Learning by doing
  • Feedback and reinforcement

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Working with large classes/groups

Large groups should be split into smaller ones for the demonstrations. In such cases, the facilitator can explain what the demonstration will be, then each co-facilitator can demonstrate to smaller groups.

Lesson Plan

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1. Understand the basics and physical features

2. Learn about the 4 screens
3. Learning how to start and stop an activity
4. Learn what sharing and inviting means

Basics and Physical features

  1. Give each trainee gets a laptop in it's box
  2. Ask trainees to open the box, take the laptop out and insert battery if needed. Put all packing and charger back into the box.
  3. Ask Trainees to try and open the laptops themselves. This can be fun.
  4. Gives feedback and demonstrate the following, with trainees following instructions
    • Inserting/removing battery
    • Opening and closing laptop
    • Opening and closing the ears (Ask what they are....the ears of the laptop)
    • Rotating the screen and closing it in e-book mode
    • Demonstrate turning the laptop on
    • Explain the LED lights (demonstrate with a power adapter if available)
    • Show the USB and audio ports
    • Show how to use the power adapter

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  • Trainees try out what they have been shown at their own pace, with help from facilitator
  • When ready, trainees can try to turn the laptop on

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  • What do the buttons on the screen surround do?
  • Can you find out how to turn the laptop off?

  • Discussion: trainees give feedback
  • Facilitator summarises

Show them how to force the laptop off with the power button if they really get stuck.

The 4 screens

  1. Ask everyone to turn on their XOs and ask feedback on what they see.
  2. Explain that there are 4 "screens" or "views" on the XO. Write them on the board. Hold up an XO and change between views.
  3. Show them the button on the keyboard to change views

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  • Trainees try out changing views using the button
  • Discuss with them what they see
  • Give feedback on what the views mean

Touch pad

  1. Hold up an XO and show them the touch pad. Ask if anyone knows what a computer "mouse" is.
  2. Explain it has two buttons, left and right, which can be "clicked"
  3. Ask trainees to try moving the arrow cursor about and see what happens

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Using the touch pad:

  • Find out the serial number of your laptop
  • Change between views using the touchpad
  • Start an activity
  • Shut the laptop down

Ask if anyone had problems moving the cursor around. Describe the jumping cursor problem and give them instructions how to fix it:

  • Press on all 4 corner buttons of keyboard for a good 10 seconds
  • Put chalk dust on the touchpad
  • Reboot

Volume and Brightness controls

Explain how to change the volume and brightness. Get them to reduce the brightness then try and view them in the outdoor light.

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The Facilitator gathers the trainees around him/her and demonstrates

  • How to change views using the touchpad
  • The frame, how to make it appear/hide using both touchpad and top right corner key
  • How to shut the laptop down, or reboot, using the touchpad
  • How to start an activity (subject of next lesson)

Making and removing friends

  • Tell them to go to Neighbourhood View
  • Explain how to make friends

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Trainees practice making and removing friends

How to start and stop an activity

  1. Ask everyone to go to the home view
  2. Explain the icons on the bottom are called activities, for which training will be given in the next lesson
  3. Ask them to move the cursor arrow to see the names of some activities
  4. Hold an XO up and demonstrate how to start an activity, describing what happens as it starts up
  5. Show them how to shut the activity down from the home view

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  • Start any activity and then shut it down again using the home view

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It is possible to shut down an activity from inside, without going to home view. Find out how to do this.

  • Facilitator gives feedback

Learn what sharing and inviting means

This session is in preparation for the following lesson. Gather all the trainees around you (or in smaller groups) and demonstrate sharing using one of the activities.

  1. In order to make things clearer, get them to shut down all the XOs and reboot your two demonstrators
  2. Have 2 XOs ready before you, visible to the group
  3. Start up Write activity on one and demonstrate typing some letter and changing fonts
  4. Change the second XO to Neighbourhood view
  5. Show them changing from Private to My Neighbourhood from the Activity tab
  6. Show them the icon appearing on the second XO neighbourhood view
  7. Start it up from the icon
  8. Demonstrate that the laptops are now sharing
  9. Shut down the activities on both

Now demonstrate invite, using the Measure activity

  1. Start Measure on one XO
  2. Go to Neighbourhood view and locate the second XO and invite it
  3. Show the group the icon apperas on the activities bar of the second XO, and start it
  4. Change each to "Begin Measure". This is a great demo with two laptops undeniably working as a pair

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Free session. Trainees try to replicate inviting and sharing. Suggest the Record activity. Feedback: By this stage the group skills will be spread across a range with some advancing quicker than others. This session will allow you to help those who are slower and allow everyone to self evaluate

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Summarise what they should have learned, and write up a list on the board

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Self Assessment

Ask trainees to check against the list and seek help if they are unsure

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Trainees can take the laptops home. The home work will be to try out at least two activities and be prepared to explain to the group what the activity does, in the next lesson