Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
- “African ministers to sign fibre project protocol”. August 2006. News Article: The i4d (Information For Development) print magazine. http://i4donline.net/news/news-details.asp?catid=7&newsid=5266. The Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (EASSy), a New Partnership for Africa’s Development (Nepad) initiative, will provide a broad band network connecting Burundi, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe with the aim of increasing accessibility to Information and Communication Technologies by reducing the current prohibitive cost of telephony and Internet connectivity.
- Mutume, Gumisai. July 2006. “Harnessing the Internet for Development”. Africa Renewal. 20 (2): 14. http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/vol20no2/202-harnessing-internet.html. An overview of initiatives being taken to overcome constraints that limit the use of the Internet in African education.
- “Ministerial Conference on the integration of ICTs in education in Western Africa”. July 28-30, 2004. Abuja, Nigeria, Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) Newsletter: 16 (3): 22. July-September 1004. http://www.adeanet.org/newsletter/Vol16No3/V16N3_eng_web.pdf. Report on the conference organized by ADEA.
- “Mozambique Government endorses the CMC model in new Science and Technology Strategy”. September 2006. Communication and Information Daily News Service, UNESCO. http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=22737&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. The Mozambican government has decided to expand the community multimedia centers (CMC) as a means of facilitating the general public's access to the new technologies.
- “Protocol of Agreement Between Peace Corps/The Gambia and World Links”. April 27, 2003. Peace Corps Online. http://peacecorpsonline.org/messages/messages/467/2013371.html. A protocol agreement to pool the resources of World Links and Peace Corps/The Gambia to maximize synergies for educational technology.
- “TUNISIA: New Information and Communication Technologies”. Material received from the Embassy of Tunisia in New Delhi, India. http://www.namstct.org/tunisiait.htm. The Internet connections of all universities and research centres as well as high schools were finalized in 2001.
- “Gov’t Unfolds Strategies to Roll Out ICTS in Educational Institutions”. September 2006. allAfrica News. http://allafrica.com/stories/200609210640.html. A description of the deployment of requisite tools and strategies to achieve the broad goal of every learner in Ghana to be able to use ICTS confidently by 2015.
- Philander, F. “Gov’t Now Budgets for ICT”. September 15, 2006. Windhoek: New Era. http://www.newera.com.na/archives.php?id=13161&date=2006-09-15. For the first time the government of Namibia has included ICTs as a line item in the Education budget.
- “World Bank Gives US$10m for ICT”. September 13, 2006. all Africa News. http://allafrica.com/stories/200609130661.html. The grant will help Rwanda establish and equip ministries and district offices with a standard suite of ICT infrastructure enabling them to improve access to information about basic services including education.
- “The Level of Penetration and Use of the Information and Communication Technologies in Cameroon”. 2006. The Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. http://www.minpostel.gov.cm/scan-ict2006/template/Final_SCAN_ICT_Report_english_Modified_Oct_11_06.doc#_Toc147548908. An overview of the ICT environment in Cameroon, current projects in the education sector and development of ICT skills for women.
- Hamilton, Paul, Mike Jensen and Russell Southwood. 2006. “African Internet Country Market Profiles”. Balancing Act News Update. http://www.balancingact-africa.com/profile1.html. An overview of developments in West Africa that summarizes the data found in the 22 country profiles, identifying growth opportunities and relevant industry issues.
- Gillwald, Alison, ed. 2005. “Towards an African e-Index: Household and individual ICT Access and Usage Across 10 African Countries”. The LINK Centre, Wits University School of Public and Development Management. http://www.researchictafrica.net/images/upload/Toward2.pdf