Te Whiti o Rongomai, Tohu Kakahi and Parihaka

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Passive resistance

  • Plough parties
  • Surveys

The invasion of Parihaka (1881)

Imprisonment without trial

Te Whiti was not granted a trial but was held in a variety of places for over two years, during which the Europeans dismantled Parihaka. They "dispersed all the outside tribes to their homes. They pulled down many houses in the town, including Te Whiti's sacred meeting house, and destroyed some of the cultivations. The intention was, in short, to demolish Parihaka as a Maori assembly place, and make smooth the way for the white occupation of the plains. Te Whiti was kept in custody, at one place and another, a kind of honourable captivity, for about two years. He was never granted a trial; well the Government of the day knew that no charge could justly lie against him.[1]

  1. P.488, The New Zealand Wars, Vol II, James Cowan.