- 1 Introduction
- 2 Country / región ID card
- 3 State of the art of Open Education
- 3.1 General OE policy developments
- 3.2 OER
- 3.3 MOOC’s platforms
- 3.4 VM developments
- 3.5 Legal frameworks and regulations
- 3.6 Barriers and success factors for adoption of open practices of academic cooperation
- 3.7 Main open education actors and networks in the region
- 3.8 Role of international networks and initiatives in the country/region
- 4 Examples of OE-enhaced Higher Education collaboration
For the case of VM, there are also very few experiences. We could only find three signed agreements. All of them are between the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), the biggest and more important HEI in Mexico, and some foreign universities.
Country / región ID card
State of the art of Open Education
General OE policy developments
The Mexican government system is of six year periods. Every president, in the first year of government edits a National Development Plan, that derives on Sectorial Plans. The last two ones (2007-2012 and 2013-2018) have created some interesting educational initiatives. In 2007 was founded the ECOESAD: Espacio Común de Educación Superior a Distancia (Common Space for Higher Distance Education), an association of public HEI, that now group up to 39 of the most important universities in the country. In 2012 began activities the UnADM: Universidad Abierta y a Distancia de México (Open and Distance Education University of Mexico), that has been growing slowly, and offers 12 different programs. Unfortunately, these Sectorial Plans focus more on the basic education, and with less support to higher education.
• The Plan Sectorial de Educación 2013-2018, section 2.6
The association ECOESAD: Espacio Común de Educación Superior a Distancia (Common Space for Higher Distance Education) has been working on collaborative resources. http://ecoesad.org.mx/
The UnADM: Universidad Abierta y a Distancia de México (Mexico’s Open and Distance University). http://www.unadmexico.mx/
Although there is no a Mexican MOOC’s portal, two HEI that have develop on this platform using the COURSERA page:
• UNAM: https://www.coursera.org/#unam
• Tecnológico de Monterrey: https://www.coursera.org/#tecdemonterrey
Legal frameworks and regulations
It exists a Ley para la Coordinación de la Educación Superior (Law for the Coordination on Higher Education) unmodified since 1978, and a Ley General de Educación (General Education Law), they touch only topics about budget assignment, HEI autonomy, etc. Every HEI have its own regulations.
Barriers and success factors for adoption of open practices of academic cooperation
As in Mexico there is a very little practice on those topics, there is a great opportunity to begin, especially with the help of other experienced foreign HEI. In general, the Mexican universities are open to academic cooperation.
We may notice that this moment might be of a great opportunity for Mexico to begin develop this kind of platforms, as there is an urgent need to raise the educational level of the graduates and the country’s economic situation is not very promising. A fact is that the few HEI that have been working on line education use the Moodle platform very strongly, but not on an open education effort, but as courses support. It’s only a little step needed to jump.
Main open education actors and networks in the region
• The UNAM’s SUAyED: Sistema de Universidad Abierta y Educación a Distancia.
• UnADM: Universidad Abierta y a Distancia de México (Mexico’s Open and Distance University).
• ECOESAD: Espacio Común de Educación Superior a Distancia (Common Space of Distance Higher Education).
Role of international networks and initiatives in the country/region
As part of its activities, the Red Universidad Empresa ALCUE (RedUE ALCUE) [ALCUE University-Enterprise Network], of which the UAM is coordinator, is promoting at Latin American level, a MOOC program to encourage the universities and productivity sectors relationship. This initiative is currently being developed along with the Universidad de Alicante of Spain and the VINTEC Program of the Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación de Argentina (Science, Technology and Innovation Ministry of Argentina).
Examples of OE-enhaced Higher Education collaboration
Each university has their own regulations, and in the credit transfer credit topics, each HEI is free to accept it or not.
Language and cultural issues
Virtual mobility dimension
We could find three examples of VM efforts:
- Between the UNAM and the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED) of Spain: http://www.cuaed.unam.mx/movilidad/movilidadeducacioncampusnet/convocatoria__movilidad_educacion_campusnet.pdf
- Between the UNAM with the Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP) and the Universidad Nacional del Noroeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (UNNOBA), both of Argentina: http://www.unlp.edu.ar/uploads/docs/movilidad_virtual.10%20(1).ppt
- Between the UNAM and Universidad Aberta of Portugal, Universidad Quilmes of Argentina and Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia of España: http://ibervirtual.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=98:movilidad-virtual&Itemid=124