Cost and Financing in Open Schooling/Effiency and Effectiveness of ODL/ Efficiency
Unit 9 
Introduction  What is the Difference between Efficiency and Effectiveness  Efficiency  CostEffectiveness  CostEffectiveness of ODL Institutions  Making the Case for ODL 
Efficiency
The most common way of measuring the efficiency of an education programme, institution or system of delivery is to divide the total costs by the total number of students. This involves using the Average Costs Equation, which was introduced in Unit 2.
Average Costs Equation:
 AC_{s} = TC / TN_{s}
Where:
 AC_{s} = average cost per student
 TC = total costs for programme or institution as a whole
 TN_{s} = total number of students
Exercise 9.1
Ideally, this exercise should be carried out with other members of staff in your own institution. Before you begin, you will need to collect the following information:
Using this information and the average costs equation, calculate the efficiency of your institution. With your colleagues, brainstorm the limitations of this measure.

Please refer to the following Sample Answers  Exercise 9.1
Exercise 9.2 and 9.4
Please refer to the following common link to carry out the Exercises: Efficiency and CostEffectiveness Ratio: Exercise 9.2 and 9.4

Please refer to common file Sample Answers for Exercises 9.2 and 9.4