Art definitions, artistic roles, and visual thinking/Artistic categories
|Art Appreciation and Techniques (#ART100)|
|Art definitions, artistic roles,|
and visual thinking
|Overview | Introduction and definitions | Basics | Artistic roles | Artistic categories | Artistic styles | Perception and visual awareness | Summary|
Visual arts are generally divided into categories that make distinctions based on the context of the work. For example, Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa does not fall into the same category as, say, a poster for a rock concert. Some artworks can be placed in more than one category.
This category includes drawings, paintings, sculptures, photographs, and, in the last decade, new media that are in museum collections and sold through commercial art galleries. Fine art has a distinction of being some of the finest examples of our human artistic heritage. Here is where you will find the Mona Lisa, and ancient sculpture, such as the Gandhara figure from India (see the following image), and stunning ceramics from different cultures and time periods.
Handbills posted on telephone poles or the sides of buildings are graphic, colourful, and informative, but they also provide a street level texture to the urban environment most of us live in. Public murals serve this same function. They put an aesthetic stamp on an otherwise bland and industrialized landscape.
Decorative arts, or crafts