User:Pooja Tyagi/Steps taken by Government
BROAD STRATEGIES CENTRAL TO SSA PROGRAMME
Institutional Reforms - As part of the SSA the central and the State Governments will undertake reforms in order to improve efficiency of the delivery system. The states will have to make an objective assessment of their prevalent education system including educational administration, achievement levels in schools, financial issues, decentralisation and community ownership, review of State Education Act, rationalization of teacher deployment and recruitment of teachers, monitoring and evaluation, education of girls, SC/ST and disadvantaged groups, policy regarding private schools and ECCE. Many States have already carried out changes to improve the delivery system for elementary education.
Sustainable Financing- The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan based on the premise that financing of elementary education inventions has to be sustainable. This calls for a long-term perspective on financial partnership between the Central and the State governments.
Community Ownership -The programme calls for community ownership of school-based interventions through effective decentralisation. This will be augmented by involvement of women’s groups. VEC members and members of Panchayati Raj institutions.
Institutional Capacity Building - The SSA conceive a major capacity building role for national and state level institutions like NIEPA/NCERT/NCTE/SCERT/SIEMAT.
Improvement in quality requires a sustainable support system of resource persons.
Improving Mainstream Educational Administration – It calls for improvement of mainstream educational administration by institutional development, infusion of new approaches and by adoption of cost effective and efficient methods.
Community Based Monitoring with Full Transparency – The Programme will have a community based monitoring system. The Educational Management Information System (EMIS) will correlate school level data with community-based information from micro planning and surveys. Besides this, every school will have a notice board showing all the grants received by the school and other details.
Habitation as a Unit of Planning – The SSA works on a Community based approach to planning with habitation as a unit of planning. Habitation plans will be the basis for formulating district plans.
Accountability to community – SSA envisages cooperation between teachers, parents and PRIs, as well as accountability and transparency.
Priority to Education of Girls – Education of girls, especially those belonging to the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, will be one of the principal concerns in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
Focus on Special Groups – There will be a focus on the educational participation of children from SC/ST, religious and linguistic minorities, disadvantaged groups and the disabled children.
Pre-Project Phase – SSA will commence throughout the country with a well-planned pre project phase that provides for a large number of interventions for capacity development to improve the delivery and monitoring system. These include provision for community-based micro-planning and school mapping, training of community leaders, school level activities, support for setting up information system, office equipment, diagnostic studies etc.
Trust on Quality – SSA lays a special thrust on making education at the elementary level useful and relevant for children by improving the curriculum, child-centred activities and effective teaching learning strategies.
Role of teachers – SSA recognizes the critical and central role of teachers and advocates a focus on their development needs. Setting up of BRC/CRC, recruitment of qualified teachers, opportunities for teacher development through participation in curriculum related material development, focus on classroom process and exposure visits for teachers are all designed to develop the human resource among teachers.
District Elementary Education Plans – As per the SSA framework, each district will prepare a District Elementary Education Plan reflecting all the investments being made in the elementary education sector, with a holistic and convergent approach. There will be a Perspective Plan that will give a framework of activities over a longer time frame to achieve UEE. There will also be an Annual Work Plan nd Budget that will list the prioritized activities to be carried out in that year. The Perspective Plan will also be a dynamic document subject to constant improvement in the course of Programme