- EVELYN HONE
- LUSAKA UNIVERSITY
Eric Erickson identifies eight stages of personality development. He views personality development as a series of crises and has focused on the adolescent crises. The following designation, age ranges and essential characteristics of the stages of personality development are proposed by Erickson in childhood and society. The first stage is trust vs mistrust which is the period from birth to one (1) year. Erickson is concerned with the infant’s development of a secure image of external objects. Trust is fostered by consistency continuity and sameness of experience in the ratification of the infants basic needs by the parents. The quality of the maternal relationship is more important than absolute qualities of food or demonstration of live. If the needs of infants are met and if the parents communicate genuine affection, the children will think of their world as safe and dependable.
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