An Open Educational Resource (OER) is any educational resource that is free and open to others - learning activity, course module, lesson plan, learning object - that is free and open. It can be as simple as a lesson for teaching the basics of interviewing in a community radio station,for a specific topic or group of people.
The term "open educational resources" was first adopted at UNESCO's 2002 Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to re-mix, improve and redistribute. Open educational resources include:
* Learning content: full courses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections, and journals. * Tools: Software to support the creation, delivery, use and improvement of open learning content including searching and organization of content, content and learning management systems, content development tools, and on-line learning communities. * Implementation resources: Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design-principles, and localization of content.
In my point of view, OER is very important to lecturers as it allows us to retrieve educational resource without any cost. This enhance our teaching and makes learning easier and allows to develop more content.