MiltonL. Blown define Moral as, “The Procession of feeling on the part of employee ofbeing expected and belonging the group of employee through the common goals,conflicts and confidence in the desire to achieve that goal.”
LingtonObserved Morale is the capacity of a group of people to pull togetherpersistency of consistency in the result of the common purpose. In a verygeneral way, Morale may therefore be defined as a readiness to cooperate warmlyin the task and to purpose of the given organization.
Moralmay be connected with an individual with knowing own expectation and living upto the man’s expectation Where as group morale should be practicedcontinuously.
Factors Affecting Moral:
EmployeeMoral is a very complex phenomena and it is influenced by many factors. ForExample, Job Supervisor, Top Management, Working Condition, Company Policy,Salary and other benefits, Personal Problems, Social and community, TradeUnions.
Differentwriter have given their views by putting down various factors influencing.Moral of an employee several criteria seems to be important in thedetermination of level of workers as follows:
1. The Organization it self:
Organization influences worker’s attitude to his job.
2. Nature of Work:
The nature of work in which he is called upon totperform influences his attitude to it.
3. Level ofSatisfaction:
Satisfaction of an individual is obtained in his jobis largely the result of an extent to which different work situations arerelevant to his job.
4. Supervision received:
The action of management has a tremendous influenceon the morale of an employee.
5. WorkersParticipation in the past for reward and future opportunity for reward:
If the worker finds the rewards fair and getssatisfaction from them his morale won’t be affected and if the perception is inopposite direction the performance will be decreased.
6. Employee’s Age:
Age Moral is directly related study and has reportedthat the workers of bigger age receive higher rewards because of stability,serious attitude towards Job, reliability.
7. The Employee’s Educational and Occupational Level:
There is a universal relationship between educationallevel and employee moral. The higher he thinks he becomes more dissatisfied.
8. Employee Activities:
Employee’s off the job activities affects hisperformance rather than on the job activities and therefore his moral.
Types of Moral:
Generallyit is referred as two types of Moral:
High Moral is represented by the term as Team Spirit, Loyalty,Enthusiasm, Dependability,
Low Moralon the other hand is described as Jealousy, Laziness, Disliking.