Tertiary teaching in New Zealand/Educational culture in New Zealand/What are we moving towards?/Cultural competence
|Tertiary teaching in New Zealand|
|Unit 2: Education culture in New Zealand|
|What are we moving towards?||Objectives | What is Ako? | Cultural competence | Facilitation and experiential learning | Learner engagement | Summary|
What does this mean? The ability to interact effectively with people of different cultures is a good start, but the practice of cultural competence will vary across different disciplines.What is regarded as "normal" might depend on your experienceinteresting blog posting by Randy Miller, a teacher in a multicultural American school. On a practical level, members of ethnic or socio-economic minorities often have poorer outcomes in learning, health and employment. Apart from ethical reasons, it makes economic sense for a nation to look after its disadvantaged members.
In Aotearoa/New Zealand there is a conscious commitment to cultural awareness in many fields including education, and the basis for this commitment is our founding document, the Treaty of Waitangi, signed by representatives of Maori and Pakeha communities on February 6th, 1840. You can read the English text here. You will study this and its implications for teaching in New Zealand in more detail later in this course. Visitors and new residents in any country also experience cultural awareness - and the lack of it - in daily life. Most people show interest and goodwill towards others, and one of the main reasons that people travel is to learn about other cultures.
The experience of students from other cultures who come to New Zealand has been studied by Malcolm Lewthwaite in his 1996 paper "A study of international students' perspectives on cross-cultural adaptation" (International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling 19:167-185, 1996.) You can access it here and it makes very interesting reading - but his most telling statement (p.1) is "the greatest block to adaptation was lack of intercultural communicative competence."