OER for a Post Graduate Programme in HRM
Module 1 :
Principles of Management
Module Content Map
Steps in organizational designing
A basic consideration in the design of organizations is dividing work into reasonable tasks (differentiation) while giving simultaneous attention to coordinating these activities and unifying their results into a meaningful whole (integration). Following steps are involved in this process:
Identification of vision and objectives for the organization to be designed.
In organizational design an in depth understanding of the vision and objectives of the organization to be designed is of utmost importance. Organization framework may vary in accordance with the objectives of the organization. For example a Manufacturing company and a Charitable Trust cannot have same organizational structure.
Identification internal and external factors that are likely to impact the organization
Internal and external environments can exert influence over the organization structure. Therefore the design required to be compatible to them.
Listing and detailing of all the works with relation to the objectives of the organization
Works for the realization of the objectives are the real basic unit of organizational function. Therefore a detailed listing of works anticipated for the realization of the objectives of the organization is very important to start the designing process.
When logically connected works are grouped together we will get meaningful activities. For example, in a Food Processing Company, packing of the processed food is an activity. This activity involves works like filling in packets, sealing the packet, and stamping the packing date on the packet etc.
Logical grouping of activities called departmentalization
Departmentalization is the process of dividing the organization into meaningful subunits that carry out activities that are grouped together logically. It is the real division of labour.
Draw up Unity of Command
This is the process of setting up a mechanism to coordinate the work of members into a unified whole by establishing authority/ responsibility relationships. In this step of designing the line of authority will be defined clearly.
Identification of performance appraisal systems
Performance appraisal is very important to ensure that the organization is functioning in accordance with the objectives. The performance appraisal systems may vary in accordance with the nature of the organization structure. Therefore selection of a proper appraisal system along with the organization designing is very important.