DECP 05: Developing e-Content
The “SCORM” Standards
The Sharable Content Object Reference Model standard allows compliant e-Learning content to be deployed on any LMS and assembled with other SCORM-compliant e-Learning content to create a course that brings together best-of-breed learning components. SCORM focuses on interface points between instructional content and LMS environments, and is silent about the specific features and capabilities provided within a particular LMS. SCORM adapts the object properties for all SCORM-based e-Learning environments which include interoperability, durability, reusability, accessibility, adaptability and affordability. SCORM’s operational principles offer the following abilities.
1. The ability of a web-based LMS to launch content that is authored using tools from different vendors and to exchange data with that content.
2. The ability of web-based LMS products from different vendors to launch the same content and exchange data with that content during execution.
3. The ability of multiple web-based LMS products/environments to access a common repository of executable content and to launch such content.
SCORM brings together components developed by the IEEE LTSC and the IMS Global Learning Consortium to describe how to define, package, and manage Sharable Content Objects. SCORM contains two specifications: the Content Aggregation Model (CAM) and the Run-Time Environment (RTE). CAM specifies how individual learning content is described and how a sharable and interoperable course is composed from the content. The RTE specifies an Application Programming Interface (API) and data model for course packages to interface with the LMS.