Waka Ama : Equipment
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Waka Ama – Outrigger Canoe
A Waka Ama consists of a hull with one or more outrigger pontoons (Ama), rigged out to the side for stability and lashed to the hull with cross beam members (kiato). The hull has sealed bow (ihu) bulkheads and stern (kei) bulkheads.
- Ihu. The front of the waka.
- Ama. A long thin float attached parallel to a seagoing canoe by projecting spars as a means of preventing it from capsizing.
- Aukaha. Are the lashings used to secure the kiato to the waka and the ama.
- Taumanu. Crossbeams also known as canoe thwart, that run on the inside the top of a canoe giving the hull support and strength. There are usually two thwarts on the inside of a canoe. From a practical standpoint, canoe thwarts are often used to strap gear to, thereby keeping it within the canoeist's reach and safe from falling out of the boat. They are also for lashing the Kiato to the Waka.
- Kiato. Are the cross arms that connect the waka to the ama.
- Rauawa. The reinforcing strip running along the top edge of the hull to which the thwart(s) are attached, usually made of wood, aluminum, or polyester.
- Pae Manu. The seats provided for the paddlers to hoe.
- Hiwi. A hull is the watertight body of the waka.
- Haumi. Is the deck covering on the front and back of the waka.
- Noko. The back of the waka.
Types of Waka
In the Waka ama safety guidelines Kjeldsen (2001) lists the following types of waka
- W1 - one person single hull Waka
- W2 - two person single hull Waka
- W3 - three person single hull Waka
- W4 - four person single hull Waka
- W6 - six person single hull Waka
- WT12 - twelve person double hull Waka
- WT4 - four person single hull sailing Waka
- WT6 - six person single hull sailing Waka
- WT12 - twelve person double hull sailing Waka
- Kjeldsen, K. (2001). Waka ama safety guidelines. Retrieved April 12, 2011, from http://www.wakaama.co.nz/nkoa/attachments/waka_ama_guidelines.pdf