# HOW TO PREPARE POWER POINT PRESENTION

TOPIC

HOW TO PREPARE POWER POINT PRESENTATION.

Structuring Your Talk: TOPIC HOW TO PREPARE POWER POINT PRESENTATION Preparing a talk always takes far longer than you anticipate. Start early!

• Write a clear statement of the problem and its importance.
• Research. Collect material which may relate to the topic.
• Tell a story in a logical sequence.
• Stick to the key concepts. Avoid description of specifics and unnecessary details.
• If you are making a series of points, organize them from the most to the least important. The less important points can be skipped if you run short of time.
• Keep your sentences short, about 10-20 words each is ideal. This is the way people usually talk
• Strive for clarity. Are these the best words for making your point? Are they unambiguous? Are you using unfamiliar jargon or acronyms.

Presentation Design

• FOCUS. In general, using a few powerful slides is the aim.
• Let the picture or graphic tell the story. Avoid text.
• Type key words in the PowerPoint Notes area listing what to say when displaying the slide. The notes are printable.
• Number your slides and give them a title.
• Use the “summary slide” feature in slide sorter view to prepare an Agenda or Table of Contents slide.
• Prepare a company logo slide for your presentation.
• You can add a logo and other graphics to every slide using the slide master feature.
• Proof read everything, including visuals and numbers.

Keep “like” topics together

• Strive for similar line lengths for text.

Visual elements

• A font size of 28 to 34 with a bold font is recommended for subtitles. The title default size is 44. Use a san serif font for titles.
• Use clear, simple visuals. Don’t confuse the audience.
• Use contrast: light on dark or dark on light.
• Graphics should make a key concept clearer.
• Place your graphics in a similar location within each screen.
• To temporarily clear the screen press W or B during the presentation. Press Enter to resume the presentation.

Text

• Font size must be large enough to be easily read. Size 28 to 34 with a bold font is recommended.* It is distracting if you use too wide a variety of fonts.
• Overuse of text is a common mistake.

o Too much text makes the slide unreadable. You may just as well show a blank slide. Stick to a few key words. o If your audience is reading the slides they are not paying attention to you. If possible, make your point with graphics instead of text. o You can use Word Art, or a clip art image of a sign, to convey text in a more interesting way.

Numbers

• Numbers are usually confusing to the audience. Use as few as possible and allow extra time for the audience to do the math.
• Numbers should never be ultra precise:

o “Anticipated Revenues of $660,101.83” looks silly. Are your numbers that accurate? Just say$660 thousand. o “The Break Even Point is 1048.17 units. Are you selling fractions of a unit? o Don’t show pennies. Cost per unit is about the only time you would need to show pennies.

• If you have more than 12-15 numbers on a slide, that’s probably too many.
• Using only one number per sentence helps the audience absorb the data.

Statistics

• Use the same scale for numbers on a slide. Don’t compare thousands to millions.
• When using sales data, stick to a single market in the presentation. Worldwide sales, domestic sales, industry sales, company sales, divisional sales, or sales to a specific market segment are all different scales. They should not be mixed.
• Cite your source on the same slide as the statistic, using a smaller size font.

Charts

• Charts need to be clearly labeled. You can make more interesting charts by adding elements from the drawing toolbar.
• Numbers in tables are both hard to see and to understand. There is usually a better way to present your numerical data than with columns and rows of numbers. Get creative!
• PowerPoint deletes portions of charts and worksheets that are imported from Excel, keeping only the leftmost 5.5 inches. Plan ahead.

Backgrounds

• Backgrounds should never distract from the presentation.
• Using the default white background is hard on the viewer’s eyes. You can easily add a design style or a color to the background.
• Backgrounds that are light colored with dark text, or vice versa, look good. A dark background with white font reduces glare.
• Colors appear lighter when projected. Pale colors often appear as white.
• Consistent backgrounds add to a professional appearance.
• For a long presentation, you may want to change background designs when shifting to a new topic.

Excitement

• Slides for business presentations should be dull! You don’t want to distract the audience.
• Sounds and transition effects can be annoying. Use sparingly.
• Animation effects can be interesting when used in moderation

o Too much animation is distracting. o Consider using animated clip art o Consider using custom animation

• You can insert video and audio clips into PowerPoint
• You can also insert hyperlinks.

Hints for Efficient Practice: Timing - Practicing Your Presentation,

• Talk through your presentation to see how much time you use for each slide.
• Set the automatic slide transition to the amount of time you want to spend discussing each slide.
• Are you using the right amount of time per slide? Decide which slides or comments need alteration to make your presentation smoother.
• Change the automatic slide transition settings for individual slides to fit the amount of time needed for that slide and practice again. Are you still within the time limit?
• Decide if you want to remove the automatic slide transition feature before giving the presentation.

Contents

• Make a list of key words/concepts for each slide Read through the list before you begin.
• Don't attempt to memorize your text;
• Your words will probably be different each time you practice.

• Plan to get there a few minutes early to set up and test the equipment.
• Dress appropriately for your audience.
• Turn off your cell phone.

Handouts:

• Edward Tufte, the leading expert on visual presentation techniques, advises speakers to always prepare a handout when giving a PowerPoint presentation.
• Make about 10% more handouts than you expect to use.
• Distribute handouts at the beginning of your talk.

Opening:

• Jump right in and get to the point* Give your rehearsed opening statement; don't improvise at the last moment* Use the opening to catch the interest and attention of the audien* Briefly state the problem or topic you will be discussion Briefly summarize your main theme for an idea or solution.

Speak

• Talk at a natural, moderate rate of speech* Project your voice.
• Speak clearly and distinctly.
• Repeat critical information.
• Pause briefly to give your audience time to digest the information on each new slide.
• Don’t read the slides aloud. Your audience can read them far faster than you can talk.

Body Language

• Keep your eyes on the audience
• Use natural gestures.
• Don’t turn your back to the audience.
• Don’t hide behind the lectern.
• Avoid looking at your notes. Only use them as reference points to keep you on track. Talk, don’t read.

Questions

• Always leave time for a few questions at the end of the talk.
• If you allow questions during the talk, the presentation time will be about 25% more than the practice time.
• You can jump directly to a slide by typing its number or by right-clicking during the presentation and choosing from the slide titles.
• Relax. If you’ve done the research you can easily answer most questions.
• Some questions are too specific or personal. Politely refuse to answer.
• If you can’t answer a question, say so. Don’t apologize. “I don’t have that information. I’ll try to find out for you.”

Length:

• To end on time, you must PRACTICE!
• When practicing, try to end early. You need to allow time for audience interruptions and questions.

Demeanor:

• Show some enthusiasm. Nobody wants to listen to a dull presentation. On the other hand, don’t overdo it. Nobody talks and gestures like a maniac in real life. How would you explain your ideas to a friend?
• Don’t get distracted by audience noises or movements.
• You’ll forget a minor point or two. Everybody does.
• If you temporarily lose your train of thought you can gain time to recover by asking if the audience has any questions.

Conclusion:

• Close the sale.

Concisely summarize your key concepts and the main ideas of your presentation.

• Resist the temptation to add a few last impromptu words.* End your talk with the summary statement or question you have prepared. What do you want them to do? What do you want them to remember?

submitted by USHA MOURYA