HIVAIDS/Mental Health and Spirituality
Mental Health and Spirituality
- View the presentation about mental health issues specifically in relation to long term survivors of HIV/AIDS.
- View the Spirituality presentation;
- Read the material on the Stigma and Discrimination topic in the next section
- Review the spiritual dimension of HIV/AIDS and Planning for Spiritual Care (further on in this section);
- Explore and discuss a selection of spiritual scenarios.
Stigma and discrimination
One aspect of ensuring mental health is the promotion of a positive attitude and the acceptance and support from family, friends, partner(s) and the community. Stigma and discrimination can have a negative impact on an individual's mental health. (Contribution by Feriyal Baptist from the MindSet Network.
Planning for spiritual care
Long term goal: To minimize spiritual distress
The patient will do the following:
- Continue spiritual practices which are not detrimental to health;
- Express decreased feelings of guilt and anxiety;
- Express religious or spiritual satisfaction;
- State that conflict has been reduced or eliminated;
- Express comfort with their relationship with their god and with significant others;
- Rest comfortably;
- State acceptance of ethical/moral decisions;
- Display positive affect and behaviour;
- State that they feel at peace;
- Express positive meaning in their existence and in their present circumstances.
- Establish an environment that promotes free expression of feelings and concerns;
- Use therapeutic communication skills of reflection and active listening;
- Appropriate use of presence and touch;
- Promote patient’s spiritual beliefs
- Encourage or help maintain patient’s relationship with their personal god;
- Promote patient’s sense of hope;
- Refer to appropriate resources for help;
- Advocate for the patient’s spiritual beliefs with the health team;
- Provide spiritual resources if otherwise unavailable.
- Assist the patient to do the following:
- Meet his or her own spiritual goals;
- Fulfil religious obligations;
- Use spiritual resources to meet the present situation;
- Find meaning in their existence and in their present difficult situation;
- Mend disrupted relationships.