From WikiEducator
Jump to: navigation, search


  • Narrative: it is an account of an incident or a series of incidents that make up a complete and significant action. Each narrative has five properties: situation, conflict, struggle, outcome, and meaning.
  • Descriptive: the use of words to represent the appearance or nature of something. There are two types of description: objective and subjective.
  • Exemplification: using examples to explain, convince, or amuse. it is one of the most effective and common ways of developing ideas.
  • Process Analysis: it is useful to explain how to do something or how something was done. There are two types: directive and informative.
  • Cause and Effect: you will probably concentrate on either causes or effects although you can mention both of them.
  • Compare- Contrast: it is a method of showing similarities and dissimilarities between subjects. Comparison is concerned with organizing and developing points of similarity. Contrast has the same function for dissimilarity.
  • Argumentative: it tries to influence people to think in a certain way or to do something. Argument is persuasion on a topic about which reasonable people disagree. It involves controversy.

Brandon, L. & Brandon, K. (2001). Sentences, Paragraphs, and Beyond. Houghton Mifflin. Boston.