The Theory of Government and Constitutional Development and Practice in East Africa

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A. The Theory of Government

The Nature and Purpose of Constitutions

(a) Written and unwritten constitutions

(b) The separation of powers

(c) Sovereignty of the people and supremacy of the Parliament

(d) Party or leader

(e) Problems of minorities

(f) Fundamental human rights

Types of States

Types of Goverments

(a) Democratic and Totalitarian

(b) Federal and Unitary

Unicameral and Bicameral Legislatures

One-Party and Multi-Party States

The Rule of Law

(a) The sovereignty of law

(b) The process of law making, law interpretation, law implementation and law enforcement.

(c) The Executive and the law.

Local Government

B. The Structure and Working of the East African Governments

Origins and Background

Constitutional Development

The East African Constitutions

(a) Objectives of the independence Constitutions

(b) Amendments and abrogation of the Constitutions since independence.

The Executive

(a) The Head of State

(b) The Cabinet

(c) The Civil Service

The Legislature

(a) Composition of National Assemblies

(b) Elections and succession powers and procedure

(c) The Speakers

(d) Process of legislation

(e) Summons, prorogation and dissolution of parliament

National Defense and the Maintenance of Law and Order

(a) The Army

(b) The Police

(c) The Prison Services

The Judiciary

(a) Systems of Courts, appointment of magistrates and judges.

(b) Maintenance of Rule of Law

(c) Types of Law

Local Government

(a) Powers and responsibilities of varying grades of Local Government

(b) Elections of Officials

Links Between the East African Governments

(a) Early attempts to achieve federation

(b) The East African Community