The Logical framework approach

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The Logical Framework Approach

What is it?
The logical framework (LogFrame) helps to clarify objectives of any project, program, or policy. It aids in the identification of the expected causal links—the “program logic”—in the following results chain: inputs, processes, outputs (including coverage or “reach” across beneficiary groups), outcomes, and impact. It leads to the identification of performance indicators at each stage in this chain, as well as risks which might impede the attainment of the objectives. The LogFrame is also a vehicle for engaging partners in clarifying objectives and designing activities. During implementation, the LogFrame serves as a useful tool to review progress and take corrective action.
What can we use it for?

  • Improving quality of project and program designs—by requiring the specification of

clear objectives, the use of performance indicators, and assessment of risks.

  • Summarizing design of complex activities.
  • Assisting the preparation of detailed operational plans.
  • Providing objective basis for activity review, monitoring, and evaluation.


  • Ensures that decision-makers ask fundamental questions and analyze assumptions

and risks.

  • Engages stakeholders in the planning and monitoring process.
  • When used dynamically, it is an effective management tool to guide implementation,

monitoring and evaluation.

  • If managed rigidly, stifles creativity and innovation.
  • If not updated during implementation, it can be a static tool that does not reflect

changing conditions.

  • Training and follow-up are often required.