The Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/Test Yourselves/Body Organisation Test Yourself/Body Organisation Test Yourself Answers
1. Living organisms can be distinguished from non-living matter because they usually move and grow. They also excrete, respire, are sensitive to the environment, reproduce and feed.
2. What tissue types would you find:
- a) Columnar epithelial tissue lines the intestine.
- b) Keratinised stratified squamous epithelium covers the body.
- c) Skeletal muscle moves bones.
- d) Blood (a type of connective tissue) flows through blood vessels.
- e) Nerves link the eye to the brain
- f) Transitional epithelium lines the bladder
3. Name the body cavity in which the following organs are found:
- a) The heart is located in the pericardial cavity (situated in the thoracic cavity).
- b) The bladder is situated in the pelvic cavity
- c) The stomach is situated in the abdominal cavity
- d) The lungs are situated in the pleural cavity (also situated in the thoracic cavity).
4. Body systems
- a) The skeletal system includes the bones and joints
- b) The reproductive system includes the ovaries and testes
- c) The endocrine system produces hormones.
- d) The circulatory system includes the heart, blood vessels and blood.
5. Homeostasis is the maintenance of constant conditions in an animal’s body.
- a) The head is cranial to the neck
- b) The heart is medial to the ribs
- c) The elbow is proximal to the fingers
- d) The spine is dorsal to the heart
7. Indicate whether or not these statements are true.
- a) The stomach is cranial to the diaphragm - false
- b) The heart lies in the pelvic cavity - false
- c) The spleen is roughly the same size as the stomach and lies near it - true
- d) The small intestine is proximal to the kidneys - false (remember the term proximal is only used when describing the relationship of parts of the limbs to each other)
- e) The bladder is medial to the hips - true
- f) The liver is cranial to the heart - false