When we use the word 'reflection' we usually want to describe a process of thought that is active and careful. It is an activity in which people 'recapture experience' and evaluate it. It involves three aspects:
- Returning to experience - that is to say recalling or detailing salient events.
- Connecting with feelings - this has two aspects: using helpful feelings and removing obstructive ones.
- Evaluating experience - this involves re-examining or re focussing experience in the light of one's aims and knowledge. It also entails integrating this new knowledge into one's conceptual framework.
There are two types of reflection:
- Reflection on action: This type of reflection is at a distance from the actual events that required reflection. It is situated on an abstract level, it can be generalized, and it is possible to express the reflection. This type of reflection involves descriptions, analysis and evaluation of occurred events, decisions made etc. Therefore reflection on action gives the reflective individual an opportunity to get wiser.
- Reflection in action: This type of reflection is tied to the context in which an event occurs. The reflection is often very tangible and have a tendency to appear as implicit knowledge/tacit knowledge.
it is a very important topic to be learn without any misconceptions.