Principles of management/PMAN101/Management Overview/Management Frameworks and Principles

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Management Principles and Frameworks

Let's take a look at management principles and frameworks. The Principles of Management are the essential, underlying factors that form the foundations of successful management. While there is a clear difference between leadership and management, management does involve some leading. It just tends to be more closely tied to day-to-day operational tasks rather than broader, visionary ideas. Besides leading, the other main functions of management are Planning, Organizing and Controlling, processes which all utilize human, financial, and material resources. It is important that you start seeing the ways management functions and tasks are divided.

Take a look at this graphic which illustrates a well-known management Planning, Organizing, Leading, Controlling or POLC Framework clearly. The four main functions of management are subdivided into supporting operational tasks.

POLC Framework.

Another way to look at managerial work is based on H. Mintzberg's, The Nature of Managerial Work (New York: Harper & Row, 1973) which breaks down the work managers do into three main categories which define ten roles in total.

10 Roles of Managers

Before you read some more about the POLC Framework, try and map one or more of the various functions and tasks (see first image) onto the corresponding categories and roles that Mintzberg identified (see second image). You can do it here via WEnotes below or you can do this on your computer. Later in the course, after you've learned some more about this topic, you can revisit your answers to see if they still make sense.

If you choose to do your mapping on your own computer, then make a comment on the POLC framework or the roles of managers in the WEnotes below. Throughout the course, you are encouraged to respond to comments made by others since forming a community of learners is a very valuable practice.