Part I

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Candidates should be aware of, and understand the need for safety precautions with regard to:

(a) Movement and storage of materials and tools.

(b) Fire prevention and procedure in the event of fire.

(c) Use of combustible materials.

(d) Use of power and equipment.

(e) Behavior and dress while working in the workshop.

Drawing and Design

Candidates should be able:

(a) To read and interpret first and third angle orthographic projections.

(b) To read and interpret simple pictorial drawings in isometric and oblique.

(c) To read drawings so that they can transfer dimensions between orthographic and pictorial views and actual model.

(d) Students should be able to draw up a list of materials.

Occupational Information

The candidates will be expected to have a basic knowledge in the:

(a) Occupational opportunities in power and mechanical fields.

(b) Entry qualifications for a particular type of occupation.

(c) Opportunities for further training and education.

Bench and Hand Tools

(a) Candidates should be able to identify and use bench and hand tools.

(b) Candidates should also be introduced to machine stands, fixtures, and lifting equipment.

Natural Services of Energy

(a) The Sun

Direct utilization of solar energy:

(1) Fish and meat drying.

(2) Laundry drying.

(3) Concentrating solar energy through lenses and concave mirrors; solar mirror furnace.

(4) Solar water-heating systems; explanation of operating principles. Indirect utilization of solar energy.

Solar cells: conversion of solar energy into electrical energy.

(b) The Wind

(1) Wind energy used to fly a kite.

(2) Propelling sailing boats.

(3) Driving windmills.

(c) Water

(1) Water mills.

(2) Water used to drive a generator for generating electricity: hydroelectric energy.

(3) Steam energy.

(d) Geothermal Energy: Simple explanation of how the heat of the earth can be used for generating electricity.

(e) Tidal Energy: Simple explanation of how the movement of huge quantities of ocean water by changing tides can drive hydroelectric plants.

(f) Energy from Fuels (Heat Energy)

(1) Wood: Ordinary wood or charcoal fire.

(2) Coal: Nature of coke, making coal, uses of coal.

(3) Petroleum: Nature of petroleum; processing of petroleum; uses of petroleum; various petroleum based fuels.


Students are expected to describe the principles and operation of:

(a) Two-stroke engines - petrol and diesel.

(b) Four-stroke engines - petrol and diesel.

(c) Introduction to rotary engine.

Preventive Maintenance

Students are expected to appreciate and perform maintenance methods including: physical checks, lubrication, fuel systems, ignition, gears, clutch and universal joints, steering system, steering wheel, steering shaft, steering gear, pitman's arm, knuck arm, etc.

Diagnose and Repair Simple Faults