Open Distance Learning Network/Systems concepts: Innovation Systems, Value Chains, And Livelihood Systems
MODULE 1 Multi-stakeholder Partnerships
Systems concepts: Innovation Systems, Value Chains, And Livelihood Systems
A System is an arrangement of physical components related in such a way that they act as a whole. There different types of systems and systems approach under systems concepts. In this class, we will look at the characteristics of a system, define what a system is, the systems approaches, a farm as a system, the types of systems and their frameworks, the external and internal factors, and the driving forces.
Class Requirements: Successfully complete assignments by the due date.
Software Requirements: You must have internet connections to access the content and registered with wikieducator.org- with knowledge how it works.
These is the first Unit under Module 1 of the four themes of Multi-stakeholder Learning Cycles.The outcomes of the whole Unit are outlined above.The Unit is divided into 10 lessons each with the objectives,and assignments to be made at the end of each lesson.Important notes/tips are given in intervals for critical reading or noting.Web resources/references are given at the end of the whole Unit for further reading.
Lesson1: Systems Definition
A System is an arrangement of physical components related in such a way that they act as a whole.
What does a System have?
A System has components and interactions.
Definition of a System
A system is:
An arrangement of physical components related in such a way that they act as a whole. Where the properties of the whole arise from the relationships between the component parts; and Something that has a purpose, or is of interest to someone.
A system has;
Characteristics of a System
“Boundaries or Limits”
“Inputs / Outputs”
“Hierarchy” of agricultural systems
Systems vs Conventional Thinking
|Conventional (Systematic) Thinking||Systems (Systemic) Thinking|
|Focuses on the components||Focuses on the interaction between the parts and organization|
|Does not recognize feedback||Recognizes the importance of feedback both positive and negative|
|Follows a linear direction, logical step by step||Open minded, unstructured with no set direction|
|Follows ideas related to causes and effects||Captures the variety of ideas.|
|Looks for a dominant perspective or point of view – the “right” one.||Takes account of different opinions and points of view.|
Lesson2: Systems Approach
There two system approaches.
The “Hard Systems” Approach
The “Soft Systems “Approach
Systems are “Constructs”