NY9 SocSci Geography Teaching Material
REPUBLIC OF NAURU ON THE GLOBE
- To find Nauru on a map
- To indentify Nauru's physical features
- To describe Nauru's environment
- To be aware of and appreciate its people and society
The Repubic of Nauru is one of the smallest coral island nation in the Pacific that gained its independence in 1968 (17th of May). It was one of the richest island nation in the world at one point in time. Nauru is situated just below the equator and its estimated population is about 12000. It takes about 20 to 30 minutes to go around the whole island nation by car and roughly 3 hours by foot. The small republic has been in the past colonised by Germany, Japan during world war two and Australia in most recent times. The current population of Nauru is made up mainly of micronesian and polynesians. It is known for its high quality phospate.
The climate in Nauru is hot all year around, temperatures ranging from 28 to 29 degrees celcius. Sometimes it experiences dry seasons for a number of months. Rains are usually light showers however, when there is heavy downpaur it usually lasts for some minutes. Breeze are constantly blowing throughout the year. There is not much variation with the climate.
The soil in Nauru is mainly sandy allowing basically thin vegetation growth. The common vegetation cover is mainly shrubs found in swampy areas or places that are waterlogged.