NOSTT/Projects/Forms 1-3/Spanish/Use of Adjectives in Spanish

From WikiEducator
< NOSTT‎ | Projects‎ | Forms 1-3‎ | Spanish
Jump to: navigation, search

DATE: 22-07-2008

CLASS: Form One

TOPIC: The use of Adjevtives in Spanish (gender & number of adjectives)


Icon preknowledge.gif


  • Familiar with what is an adjective in English
  • Familiar with the use of descriptive adjectives in English

INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES - Students will be able to:

  • Identify and form feminine and masculine adjectives in Spanish
  • Identify and form singular and plural adjectives in Spanish
  • Identify invariable adjectives in Spanish
  • Identify and form short forms of adjectives in Spanish


  • Cognitive
  • Psychomoto


  • Black board and chalk
  • Viva text book 1 pages 153 - 154
  • Viva text book 1 pages 37 - 42 of chapter 4
  • Viva work book 1
  • Aventura text book 1 page 145

CONTENT OF LESSON - Teaching points:

Related vocabulary and grammar:


         feo / fea --------------------ugly
         alto / alta-------------------tall
         gordo / gorda-----------------fat
         flaco / flaca-----------------thin
         lindo / linda-----------------pretty

What is an adjective?

Icon define.gif
Adjectives are describing words that tells you more about a person or place or thing,such as their appearance,colour,size or other qualities, for example, pretty,blue,big

Making adjectives agree

  • In Spanish, most adjectives agree with what they are describing.This means that their endings change depending on whether the person or thing you are referring to is masculine or feminine, singular or plural.


un muchacho feo------------------------an ugly boy ( singular masculine )

una muchacha fea-----------------------an ugly girl( singular feminine )

unos muchachos feos--------------------------some ugly boys ( plural masculine )

unas muchachas feas--------------------------some ugly girls ( plural feminine )

In English adjectives come before the noun they describe, but in Spanish you usually put them after it : Una casa blanca-------------a white house

  • Adjectives ending in a vowel become plural by adding s
  • Adjectives which end in a consonant; d,r,l,n,j,s,become plural by adding es
  • Adjectives which end in zform their plural by changing the z into c and then adding es

Forming feminine adjectives Adjectives ending in o in the masculine change to a for the feminine.


un muchacho alto-------------a tall boy

una muchacha alta------------a tall girl

Adjectives ending in any vowel other than o ( that is:a,e,i,or u ) or ending in a vowel with an accent on it do not change for the feminine.


Una casa verde---------------------a green house

Un carro verde---------------------a green car

Una falda caqui--------------------------a khaki skirt

Un pantalon caqui------------------------a Khaki pants

Una muchacha iraqui---------------------- an Iraqui girl

Un muchacho iraqui----------------------- an Iraqui boy

Adjectives ending in a consonant do not change for the feminine except in the following cases: adjectives of nationality or place ending in a consonant.


  • Drama


TEACHER STRATEGY- instructional procedures and activities:

  1. Input oriented Method: (strategy directly before an input activity) "Priming" students for the learning experience before an input activity.The teacher begins the class by greeting students and describing the day in Spanish."Buenos dias clase, hoy es un dia maravilloso"teacher repeats this statement 3 times and then asks the students to try and interpret what she said into English.Teacher then asks the question "Why is knowing how to use adjectives in Spanish so important?" Teacher then takes this opportunity to link this lesson to the real world, emphasizing on the importance of knowing how to describe places, people and things in Spanish.(HEAR)
  2. Direct Instructions:Drill and Practice Method:Teacher then demonstrates how to describe others in Spanish by writing some Spanish descriptive adjectives on the black board with the equivalent English meanings. Teacher then points at and pronounces each word or phrase that is written on the black board and students reproduce. ( SEE,HEAR AND DO)
    The teacher then randomly calls out a student of the class and choose from on the black board the Spanish words that rightly describe the student.The teacher then repeats this action with another student for further demonstration.
    Teacher then begins explaining the related grammar using some of the words on the black board.The students are then asked to use the words on the black board to describe themselves in Spanish.
  3. The Synthesizing Method: