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This page is being done to briefly know about Motivation

Definition of Motivation

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Motivation is the driving force by which humans achieve their goals. Motivation is said to be intrinsic or extrinsic. The term is generally used for humans but it can also be used to describe the causes for animal behavior as well. This article refers to human motivation. According to various theories, motivation may be rooted in a basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or a desired object, goal, state of being, ideal, or it may be attributed to less-apparent reasons such as altruism, selfishness, morality, or avoiding mortality. Conceptually, motivation should not be confused with either volition or optimism. Motivation is related to, but distinct from, emotion.


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Key points

Motivation : The motivation makes some persons work hard. Motivated people perform better. Performce is a function of Capacity, Opportunity and Willingness.

Motivational Cycle: This has the following in a Cycle: **

  • Need and Desire
  • Drive to Improve
  • Behaviour (Initiative, Skill Development and Technology use)
  • Efficient Management & Standards
  • Feeling of Accomplishment
  • Management of problems & Issues which come in the way

Motivation Components:

  • Direction ( Time, Standards adopted, Alternatives)
  • Level ( Intensity of or extent of efforts, amount of effort)
  • Persistence ( Staying power of behaviour for desired duration)

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Intrinsic Motivation : If we are doing something which is internally satisfying and its’ execution gives a pleasant feeling, it is Intrinsic motivation even without tangible reward. Intrinsic rewards are received as a direct consequence of a person's actions- For Ex. : Sports, Music, Mountaineering, Literary Writing etc.</br> Extrensic Motivation:Extrinsic rewards are given by another person, often a manager. They are used when there is no intrinsic interest in the activity to begin with needed skills are lacking until intrinsic interest is generated useful for motivating learning in young children.

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Self Assessment

There are two types of motivations:

  • True
  • False

Butterfly.gif 80px-Wikineighbour V2.png Answer is true. The two motivations are Intrinsic and Extrinsic.

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  • Scientific Management Time and motion studies of F.W. Taylor link title
  • Human Relations Approach Hawthorne's Human Relation Approach
  • Content Theories The major contributors were Maslow, Alderfer, Herzberg, McClelland
  • Process Theories The major theories are Expectancy Theory, Adam's Equity Theory, Goal Theory, Attribution Theory