The liver is a vital organ found in vertebrates and some other animals; it has so many functions, a few of which are detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. It also plays a major role in; metabolism in the body, glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, and detoxification. The liver is also the largest gland in the human body. It lies below the diaphragm in the thoracic region of the abdomen. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion, via the emulsification of lipids. It also performs and regulates a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions requiring very specialized tissues.