Lesson 4: Nutrition and Health

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Many people think that food is eaten only because it satisfies hunger. They do not regard food as something that keeps us healthy. One of a caterers concern is to provide food which can help nourish the body and protect it against disease. This unit would equip you with the necessary knowledge to provide healthy and nutritious meals for your customers.

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The objective of this coarse is to facilitate to stakeholders how to improve quality of work on distant learning mode online.

Lesson content

Benefits of nutrition

I am sure you have come across the saying that ‘you are what you eat’ and again that you eat to live not live to eat. Both sayings point to the fact that the foods you eat ultimately end up giving you something which keeps you alive and kicking. Good nutrition helps to keep your body fit and healthy. For young people like you, your body is growing and renewing its parts all the time.

Each day, you gain some height and also replace old cells. Cells of the skin, blood and bones are constantly being replaced. The food you eat then becomes part of you because it provides certain chemicals known as nutrients. These nutrients help to provide you with energy and building blocks that make you grow.

The best food for you is therefore the type that makes you grow normally and maintains strong muscles, strong bones, healthy skin and enough clean blood. They are also the types of food that reduces your chances of getting illnesses later in life.

A rule of thumb in your choice of food is that you should eat a variety of foods. That way you would be able to obtain all the nutrients your body needs. No one food would provide all the nutrients. Eating a variety of foods would ensure that all nutrients are obtained.

When you do not get all the nutrients you need from your food, you may develop what is called nutrient deficiency or malnutrition. These deficiencies can slow the growth of children. Again a person who does not get proper nutrition during the adolescent year may never reach full height.


<kaltura-widget kalturaid='101126' size='L' align='R'/> Malnutrition is of two types one is caused by eating too much of foods that provide calories or other nutrients. This is called overnutrition. The other one is eating too little of the food so that you would not get the nutrient your body needs in the right amounts. This is called undernutrition. Both forms of malnutrition are not good for the body. Do you know that people who are hungry or poorly fed have difficulty learning and concentrating? ]] Yes they do. That is why it is not good to go to school on empty stomach.

You can find some good ideas for fun and healthy food for kids on the Fun Healthy Food for Kids article.


In order to help people to eat a wide variety of foods, the different types of foods have been grouped according to the nutrients they supply. This is to make the selection of the foods easy. These groups are called the six food groups.

They are:

1.animal and animal products 2.legumes 3.starchy roots and plantain 4.cereals 5.fats and oils 6.fruits and vegetables

In order to get a diet which contains all nutrients, it is advised that one eats foods from all the groups. Such a diet is called a balanced diet or an adequate diet.

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We have been looking at the importance of food and how it relates to our health. Good nutrition promotes growth and helps prevent diseases. Malnutrition is a threat to health. To get a balanced diet you should eat a variety of foods chosen from all the foods groups.

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  1. Explain the difference between over nutrition and under nutrition.
  2. List 3 benefits of good nutrition
  3. Explain the relationship between nutrition and health

{fURTHER READING| Read on food groups}}