Maori and Pacific Island learners
|Learning and Teaching in Practice|
|Module 1: Learner characteristics|
|Culture||Introduction | Diversity | Maori and Pacific Island learners | Summary|
Maori pedagogy (Mātauranga Māori) involves working with four aspects or domains of a person’s well being (cognitive - Taha Hinengaro, spiritual - Taha Wairua, physical - Taha Tinana, and family - Taha Whānau). These concepts were originally outlined by Mason Durie (1988) in Te Whare Tapa Whā in relation to health. This model pre-empts the assumption that teachers and tutors should only work within the cognitive domain.
To begin to understand these four domains of well being and four models of learning go to the Mātauranga Māori section on the Literacy and Numeracy for Adults website. Also, read a reflection by Helen Lindsay on her Blog post: Matauranga Maori and “A culturally responsive pedagogy of relationships", and follow the links given.
These learners are diverse but also have cultural commonalities, however, we should never assume one model fits all. It is important to get to know your Pasifika learners, not just the cognitive aspects but also sociocultural aspects that may affect their learning, so that you can facilitate a sense of belonging and readiness to learn.
- Durie, M. (1988). Whaiora: Māori Health Development. Auckland: Oxford University Press