Learner Centred Learning/Adult Learning Theories, Principles and Practices/Kolb’s Learning Cycle
David Kolb’s work developed from the influences of John Dewey, Kurt Lewin and Jean Piaget. Kolb’s Learning Cycle reflects an experiential way of learning identifying 4 main aspects of learning
- Concrete experience
- Reflective observation
- Abstract conceptualisation
- Active experimentation
These aspects are ordered in a cyclical model to indicate a continuous process. All four aspects are considered necessary for effective learning to occur (Fry, Ketteridge & Marshall, 1999).
Expanding on the original model Kolb worked with D. Wolf to identify 4 learning styles
- Convergent - practical application of ideas
- Divergent - imaginative ability and generation of ideas
- Assimilation - creating theoretical models and making sense of disparate
- Accommodative - Carrying out plans and tasks that involve them in new
Although learners may have a preference for a particular learning style it was still suggested that all four aspects needed to be incorporated for effective learning (Fry, Ketteridge & Marshall, 1999).
Below are links to a variety of viewpoints and information on Kolb’s Experiential Learning Cycle.