Knowledge of visitor interpretation/Activities/Lesson Plans

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Lesson Plan 1


Students will be able to: describe the principles of interpretation; describe and compare personal and non personal interpretation


In classroom

Icebreaker: Who/what am I? - sticker on the back

Introduction: Introduce myself (mihimihi)

Students introduce themselves using the the 5 w's and 1h

  • who am I
  • why am I like I am
  • how did I become like this
  • where am I from
  • when did I realise who I am / or have I
  • what about myself would I like develop
  • say to class - without notes
  • get all students to shake hands and introduce themselves to each other (show them how)

Go through what we will be doing in these (4) sessions

1. Learning personal and non personal interpretation skills

2. Building a glossary of terms or toolbox - on the blog

3. Working from the wiki

4. Completing set activities

5. Two assessments (written) one assessment(practical)on an actual guided tour

6. My expectations of these sessions (attendance, participation)

7. Students expectations?

What is interpretation?

Good definition on the wiki - "a means of communicating ideas, information and feelings which help people understand more about themselves and their environment"

It can be delivered either in person (guided tour) or non personally (audio tour, interpretative signs or panels)

Benefits of interpretation

  • mindmap (DOC handout)

Interpretation enhances visitor experiences by:

  • being relevant and interactive
  • fulfilling their curiosity
  • creating meaning
  • entertaining
  • provoking thought

Activity - Your Place (stage 1 and 2) - handheld microphone

  • run video of where you are from

Lesson 2

Recap of last week - interpretation

Ask unknown students to introduce themselves

  • Use travel cards - mixture of places and animals to test students

  • Look at Tilden's Principles of Interpretation - (Wiki)

Go onto wiki look at interpretation link - go through - link to easier interpretation of Tildens Principles

Abbreviate this activity and complete it in class

The Interpretive Process: Larnarch Castle

  • Kylie delivering presentation at 1pm

Activity: Your Place - hand in written interpretation

  • Microphone session (order) ask student to continue working on interpretation then deliver with microphone

Introduce "The interpretive process form"

Ask students to complete for "Otago Polytechnic"

Start on blog:

  • Glossary of terms:

with examples:

1. Personal interpretation - where a person is directly responsible for the delivery of interpretation

2. Non personal interpretation - situation where media (such as print and audiovisual) is the primary mechinism for the delivery of interpretation

3. Interpretive technique: method of communicating ideas and feelings eg. roleplay, interactive media, print media, spoken word

4. Interpretive theme: the body of the interpretation - area from which message of interpretation taken

5. Interpretive message: simple yet meaningful statement that embodies the interpretation

10 great tour guides

Students were asked to choose a tour guiding resource (can be a prop) to present to class next week:

Good to use in interpretation - quotes (famous explorers):

1. When one man, for whatever reason, has the opportunity to lead an extraordinary life, he has no right to keep it to himself.” Jacques Cousteau quotes (French Explorer, 1910-1997)

2. It is not the mountain we conquer but ourselves.” Edmund Hillary quotes (New Zealand mountain climber and Antarctic Explorer Famous for being first to successfully climb Mount Everest b.1919)

Lesson 3

Types of Interpretation

1. Personal - when one person is directly responsible for interpretation of tour

Watch the Youtube below (supporting materials) and answer the following questions:

Tower of London


1. Did the guide use active language?

2. Use effective voice inflection and articulation?

3. Relax the audience and make the talk or walk enjoyable and rewarding?

4. Have any annoying mannerisms?

5. Stand in front of the audience and face them?

6. Maintain contact with the audience?

7. Warm the audience up - make your interested in the subject?

8. Involve the audience?

9. (Outdoors) ...was the interpreter considerate of the audience (set a reasonable pact, spoke audibly, faced the group away from sun and wind?

2. Non personal - using print or audio visual

Louis Armstrong hand puppets

Signs - back through wiki (refer to lesson 5)

  • Props - bring some to class

"My Place" - present and hand in

Get students to print out: "Interpretive planning"



Lesson 4

Last session for 2012

Principles of Interpretaion

  • now go through this with them - in conjunction with the tour they have been given - they need to be completed for next weeks final session

Props - for guided interpretation

  • show bag of goodies

Get students to start writing their interpretation for the assessment - using their theme sheets (given to the last week and hopefully filled in)

Resit of assessment 1

Lesson 5


Signs (refer to book) Advantages: pg.11

  • Signs are user friendly
  • Signs are always on the job
  • Signs are economical


  • Signs cannot be made invisible
  • Signs cannot replace a good interpreter
  • Signs cannot provide complicated of lengthy information - or if they attempt to they are often not read at all

Universal symbols: Signs pg 37

Rules for rule signs:

  • place them where visitors are sure to see them eg. entrances, boards, restrooms (Otago musuem), give them time to read
  • be proactive use colours, graphics, good wording
  • state rules in a positive tone.
  • provide the reader reasons for the rules

Activity - Interpretive signs ( 20 minutes - outside)