Improving Vaccination Rates for Healthcare Personnel/Needs Assessment

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Needs Assessment

Who Are the Learners?

  • Busy professional nurses who are adult learners, literate and also possess high health literacy. Two groups are identified: group one is the believers who are interested in improving influenza immunization rates for healthcare personnel and group two who are skeptical about influenza vaccination. The developmental stage is young to middle adulthood which suggests that teaching learning strategies should be geared towards:
  1. The immediate needs of the learner e.g., continuing education.
  2. Utilizing all three learning styles: visual, tactile, auditory.
  3. Using the problem centered approach.
  4. Providing applicable material with rapid feedback
  5. Active/self directed learning.

Relevant Values and Beliefs:

  • Group One: Believers
  1. Possess high perceived benefit of influenza vaccination, perceived low risk of side effects, perceived high risk of susceptibility of acquiring influenza and perceived high value of vaccine efficacy.
  • Group Two: Skeptics
  1. Possess low perceived benefit of influenza vaccination, perceived low risk of susceptibility to acquiring influenza and perceived low value of vaccine efficacy.

Need for Instruction:

  • Group One: Believers
  1. To obtain relevant information re: ways to improve influenza vaccination of healthcare personnel, improve vaccination campaigns at one's respective facility.
  2. To obtain evidence-based education to dispel myths re: influenza vaccination.
  • Group two: Skeptics
  1. To obtain evidence-based education re: influenza vaccination especially related to side effects, vaccine efficacy, contraindications and myths.

Risk Factors:

  • Low vaccination rates result in increased morbidity and mortality of susceptible individuals who are unable to be vaccinated such as children younger than 6 months old and those severely allergic to the vaccine and/or its components. Those who have a decreased ability to mount an effective immune response to the vaccine such as seniors are also affected.