The process of ID is linked to the various theories of learning such as Conditioning and Cognitive Processing. Various ID models involve the process of analysing learner profile and goals; the development of a delivery system to meet learner profile; the development of content; piloting the content and evaluating and refining the materials if needed.
In addition, its important to be aware of some emerging concepts in elearning such as content driven, process driven, intractive learning as well as desigining instruction for e-learning and the types of computer software, such as mind maps that are available to assist the design process. Finally we shall look at a comprehensive guide for developing ODL materials.
At the end of the training, you should be able to:
- Define Instructional Design
- Define key concepts in Instructional Design
- Identify theories of learning used in Instructional Design
- Differentiate between the different types of Instructional Design Models
- Explain the importance of the different design models for the Web
- Use basic Instructional Design guidelines to design instruction
Instructional design is an organized procedure or process for translating current principles and theories of learning and instruction into plans for learning. This systematic approach provides a step-by-step process for the analysis of learners' needs, the design and development of training materials, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of the design intervention.
In recent years, different theorists and experts in the field of distance education have proposed more than 100 ID models. However most have been based on the foundations created in the "ADDIE MODEL" Whatever the ID model, it makes use of the underlying principles of the popular learning theories.